Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Actions, philosophy: Actions are conscious or unconscious human actions as opposed to physical events. The action can take place against the will of the agent, but only if the opposed will is not strong enough to prevent the execution entirely.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
AU Cas 4
Action/LuhmannVsAction Theory: the concept of action is not suitable, because a participant is presupposed. - But they also exist, however, without an audience. - In principle, an action can be presented as a solitary, socially non-resonant cause.
AU Cass 11
Action Theory: insisting on rationality - comes from Max Weber - action/Weber: first means and purpose must be distinguished - LuhmannVsWeber: Problem, what should be excluded - is a certain action rather behavior? - Weber: more description of ideal types than of concrete reality.
Solution/today: Rational Choice Theory. outside delimitation: Problem: what counts as consequences - internal delimitation: - Solution: the actor, must ascribe the action to himself . - Problem: what counts as a motive?
LuhmannVsAction Theory: it does not clarify the contours of the concept of action. - It does not answer the question of how systems can be formed from actions, when the action is consolidated psychologically and biologically in the individual.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

N. Luhmann
Introduction to Systems Theory, Lectures Universität Bielefeld 1991/1992
German Edition:
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992

Lu I
N. Luhmann
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-06-18
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