Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Reason, cause: this is about the possibility or impossibility of equating reasons (for human actions or animal activities) with physical causes.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon
II 66
Reason/Cause/Knowledge/Evolution/Dennett: the early doubling macromolecules did have causes, but they had no idea about their reasons.
II 77
Cause/existence/ontology/Dennett: there were causes and reasons for millions of years, but no one existed to formulate them, represent the reasons or even to appreciate them in the strict sense.
Brandom I 379
Reason/Davidson/Brandom: reasons are causes - (elsewhere): D. always defines causality as an explanation - we only need causality.
Den I 627
Reason/Darwin/causality/Dennett: Question: can there be reasons which are recognized without a conscious mind recognizing them?.
I 628
Yes! Selection is the "blind watchmaker" (Dawkins) , who nevertheless finds forced moves - connection: with truths/Goedel which you can see but cannot prove - Dennett: intermediate solutions are good! E.g. the halting problem: a program that would not perfect but still good.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Den I
D. Dennett
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997

Den II
D. Dennett
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999

Bra I
R. Brandom
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000

Bra II
R. Brandom
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-24