|Reasons: In contrast to (physical) causes, reasons are the result of a conscious or unconscious weighing of alternatives.|
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Space (area) of reasons/space of nature/McDowell: next to the space of reasons (normative, (terms), there is the space of the laws of nature: these are not normative relations - space of reasons: justification, knowledge, functional terms, even experience - space of nature: objects, sensations - that does not correspond to a splitting into "natural and normative".
Space of reasons: = is an area of freedom, but not unlimited, therefore empirical justification.
Geist und Welt Frankfurt 2001