Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments


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Presence: concept for the time in which events take place. The presence has no specific duration and is not designated by anything that distinguishes it from other periods apart form the events that take place in it. See also past, time, timelessness, future, truth, duration, events.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Figal I 86
Ecstasy: three forms: past, present, future. They are the forms at present in the fact that they are directly interrelated, the future as such points to the essence and this to the present.
Figal I 98
"Presence": (horizontal scheme): both presence as well as absence. Absence is a special mode of something to be discovered (> Aristotle, "ousia" presence). Presence includes present and future.
I 98
FigalVsHeidegger: that suggests to see the future and the essence as modifications of the presence. Its threefold structure would have proved to be a peculiarity of everyday existence. With this the temporality that has been worked out in everyday existence would have had to be transcended.
Difficulty: it is impossible, in accordance with the logic of the origin of his program, to make philosophy comprehensible analog to Aristotelian phronesis intended ordinariness of existence.
For this, the threefold structured temporality should have been interpreted as the time of philosophy (and not only as the ordinariness). Thus philosophy can no longer be explained by the structure of everyday life. The program of fundamental ontology has thus failed. (+ I 98.99)
Figal I 99
Heidegger now interprets philosophy in such a way that it is precisely understood in the structure of existence. Existence is essentially philosophical. And philosophy becomes historical.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Martin Heidegger
Sein und Zeit Tübingen 1993

Figal I
Günter Figal
Martin Heidegger zur Einführung Hamburg 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-01-23
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