Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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R. Descartes on Prejudice - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 282
Prejudice/Descartes/Gadamer: As for (...) the division of prejudices into those of authority and haste, this division is apparently based on the basic presupposition of the Enlightenment, according to which a methodically disciplined use of reason is able to prevent any error. That was Descartes' idea of the method.
Haste is the real source of error, which leads to error when using one's own reason.
Authority, on the other hand, is to blame for not using one's reason at all. The classification is thus based on an excluding opposition of authority and reason. The false bias for the old, for authority, is what is in itself worth fighting.
Gadamer I 283
Gadamer: But there can be no doubt that the real consequence of the Enlightenment is another: the subjugation of all authority to reason. Correspondingly, the prejudice out of haste is to be understood as Descartes' thought, namely as the source of all error in the use of reason.
It is fitting that the old division after the victories of the Enlightenment, when hermeneutics was released from all dogmatic ties, returns in a changed sense. Thus we read in Schleiermacher's work that he distinguishes bias and haste as causes of misunderstanding. He puts the constant prejudices of bias next to the current misjudgments due to haste.



1. Schleiermacher Werke I, 7, p. 31


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-09-25
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