|Designation: ascription of a character to an object that allows the localization within an order, as opposed to naming. See also denotation, individuation, identification, specification.|
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|EMD II 380
Designation/Kripke: has nothing to do with existence: Wrong question: "Does ___ live on Mars?" and then insert name - ((s)substitutional quantification: would be satisfied by name, because it refuses an ontology that goes beyond its expressions.)
Kripke I 121
Designation does not create identity: same epistemic situation Phosphorus/Hesperus named as different celestial bodies - quite possible, therefore contingent, but does not affect the actual identity. - We use them as names in all possible worlds.
Geach: Designation reflects something important: Nixon = human (a priori) - KripkeVs: Lot’s guests - despite designation Angel - Difference: use of the name/designation - no case of indeterminacy of reference.
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989