|Justification, philosophy: justification is a condition for knowledge which a) is fulfilled or not fulfilled by the explanation of the origin of the information or b) by a logical examination of the argument. For a), theories such as the causal theory of knowledge or reliability theories have been developed. See also verification, examination, verification, proofs, externalism.|
Justification in a broader sense is a statement about the occurrence of an action or a choice. See also explanations, ultimate justification, reasons._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
Karl Barth on Justification - Dictionary of Arguments
Brocker I 234
Justification/Barth: The mental-theological problem that Barth saw himself confronted with due to the aggressive totalization of the Nazi state, he brought to the formula of the theological determination of the relationship between "justification and law". Objectively, the question of the establishment of modern constitutional democracy (theory) under the conditions of a still (according to its self-expectation) exclusively Bible-oriented theology of revelation was posed.
BarthVsSecularization: Barth rejected any basic theoretical connection to classically modern human rights or contract theories as a "secular message" and the attempt to "build a church of human rights" (1).
Brocker I 242
Justification/State/Christ/Barth: Context here: the Church's task is "to proclaim once and for all that God has taken care of sinful man in the person of the Messiah Jesus out of pure grace, made his sin and his death his own affair and thus not only acquitted this man, but released him for the life lost to him for time and eternity" (2). Such execution of the justification of the ungodly, which is constitutive in Christ, exemplary and carried out with universal-inclusive intention, has itself a legal character, that is, the character of the setting of a new order. It sets (...) a Christ right as the "right acquired in his death and proclaimed in his resurrection" (3). Thus Barth can explain "that the preaching of justification as a preaching of the Realm of God already now and here establishes the true right, the true state" (4).
1..Karl Barth, Rechtfertigung und Recht, in: Theologische Studien 1, Zollikon 1938. Karl Barth, Rechtfertigung und Recht, in: ders., Rechtfertigung und Recht, Christengemeinde und Bürgergemeinde, Evangelium und Gesetz, Zürich 1998, S. 8.
2. Ebenda S. 27
4. Ebenda S. 26
Georg Pfleiderer, „Karl Barth, Rechtfertigung und Recht 1938)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018