Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Entry
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Politics Barth Brocker I 234
Politics/Barth: To the great surprise of opponents such as sympathisers, in the summer and autumn of 1938 Barth (...) replaced his previously only implicitly political theology with a decidedly explicit one. In several writings (cf. in particular Barth 1938b, 203-215; 1945a, 13-107) he now took the view that the National Socialist state had definitely proved to be thoroughly anti-Christian, (also because!) anti-Semitic and inhuman and is therefore to be fought by all means, possibly also with the determined use of military force. Barth's turn led most of the protagonists of the Confessing Church to turn away from him. (1)
Brocker I 236
Politics/Belief/Barth: With inner necessity, the believer is conscious of political responsibility. He knows that the right that every real claim a person has to the other and to others is under the special protection of the gracious God. […] He cannot escape the question of human rights. He can only want and affirm the Rule of Law. With any other political attitude, he would reject divine justification. (2)
Brocker I 237
Governance/BarthVsReformers/BarthVsLuther: Barth criticizes the talk ((s) of the reformers) of "secular authority" (3) as systematically deficient. It remained unclear "whether they also founded the right to justification, including political violence, on Christ's violence, or whether they had not secretly built here on another foundation" (4). See Secularization/Barth.
Brocker I 245
Theology/State/justification/Barth: Barth's basic idea: that theology "has no theory necessarily peculiar to the various political figures and realities" (5). "One can only judge Christian-theological from case to case, from situation to situation" (6). Political system: If (...) an ethically theologically legitimate political system should not be mentioned, there is nevertheless "a direction and line of the Christian decisions to be carried out in the political sphere that can be recognized and maintained under all circumstances". However, these should not be "obtained from a recourse to the problematic instance of the so-called natural law" (7), but with regard to the "parable ability and the need for parables of the political being", as which Barth understands the "realm of God proclaimed by the church[...]" (8).
Political system/Reasons/VsBarth: Argumentation-logically and politic-theoretically, certain structural weaknesses of Barth's theological theory of politics cannot be overlooked. Neither the figure of speech used in justification and right
Brocker I 246
by the powers of angels or the teaching of analogy of the later writing can solve the problem that this "eternal Christ right" as the origin and orientation of the legitimate rule of law cannot really be translated into the realm of the political and above all of political theory. An intrinsic connection to modern discourses of the political in the space of the secular state is simply not established. Barth refuses any reflection on a subject- and reason-theoretical interpretation of his own basic theological concepts, especially the fundamental figure of divine self-revelation (despite more or less obvious historical and systematic convergences of ideas).

1. Martin Rohkrämer, »Karl Barth in der Herbstkrise 1938«, in: Evangelische Theologie 48/6, 1988, 521-545.
2. Karl Barth 1982, S. 434f
3. Karl Barth, Rechtfertigung und Recht, in: Theologische Studien 1, Zollikon 1938. Karl Barth, Rechtfertigung und Recht, in: ders., Rechtfertigung und Recht, Christengemeinde und Bürgergemeinde, Evangelium und Gesetz, Zürich 1998, S. 6
4. Ebenda S. 7
5. Karl Barth, »Christengemeinde und Bürgergemeinde« (1946), in: ders., Rechtfertigung und Recht, Christengemeinde und Bürgergemeinde, Evangelium und Gesetz, Zürich 1998 (b), S. 56
6. Ebenda S. 58
7. Ebenda
8. Ebenda S. 63.

Georg Pfleiderer, „Karl Barth, Rechtfertigung und Recht 1938)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Ultimate Justification Barth Brocker I 246
Ultimate Justification/VsBarth/Barth: Barth's approach to revelation theology can be interpreted as a theological version of "weak thinking" that seeks to keep the space of normative political-theoretical discourses free from attempts at absoluteness and ultimate justification. His theology can be understood as an attempt at a position-related theory of self-transparent finite freedom, which (...) offers a theological solution to the problems of justification. In its - positional - way it serves as the constitutive basis of every liberal theory of the rule of law, namely the idea of human dignity. See Politics/Barth, Justification/Barth, Governance/Barth.

Georg Pfleiderer, „Karl Barth, Rechtfertigung und Recht 1938)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018