|Nature, philosophy: nature is usually defined as the part of reality that was not made or designed by humans. No properties can be attributed to nature. E.g. since contradiction is ultimately a language problem, one can say that nature cannot be contradictory. Not all forms of necessity can be attributed to nature, e.g. non-logical necessity and unnecessary existence. See also de re, de dicto, necessity de re, existence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Morozov I 217
Nature/Technology/Kelly/Morozov: "The dominance of technology ultimately derives from its origin in the same self-organization that has brought galaxies, planets, life and mind into being. (1)
Kelly: "We tend to isolate the produced technology from nature, to the point that we consider it as anti-nature only because it has grown to compete with the effects and power of its homeland. But in its origins and foundations, a tool is as natural as our lives." (2)
MorozovVsKelly: compare this with Nazi propagandist Fritz Todt:
Fritz Todt: It would be paradoxical if the works of technology in their outer expression were in contradiction with nature, because the true essence of technology is a consequence of the laws of nature. .... The works of technology must be constructed in harmony with nature... (3)....
MorozovVsKelly: his laissez-faire attitude comes equally from Ayn Rand, even though he does not mention it. It is rarely mentioned at all in connection with technology. (See Technology).
1. Kevin Kelly, What Technology Wants, Kindle ed. (New York: Penguin Books, 2011), p. 70.
2. ibid. p. 22
3. quoted in John C. Guse, “Nazi Technical Thought Revisited,” History and Technology: An International Journal 26, no. 1 (2010): 10._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
What Technology Wants New York 2011
To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism New York 2014