Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jaakko Hintikka on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

II 39
Language as a calculus/Hintikka: language as a calculus allows model theory.
>Model theory
Language as a Universal Medium/Hintikka: the representative of language as a universal medium is not entirely completed by semantic questions. According to Hintikka, they only cannot be represented in the language. Many philosophers today mingle the two conceptions without knowing where they come from.
- - -
Hintikka I 15
Wittgenstein/Hintikka: 1. Language as a universal medium: thesis: it is not possible to look at the language from outside - meaning relationships are required.
Hintikka I 43 ff
Philosophy/Wittgenstein/Hintikka: the thesis of language as a universal medium has as a consequence the idea of the universality of language. (Universal Language). Philosophical views do not enjoy the privilege of formulating in their own meta-language.
As there is no metaphysics, there is no meta logic. The expression 'to understand a sentence' is also not meta logical, but an expression like any other. (Ms 110, 189).
Cf. >Metaphysics, >Universal language.
Hintikka I 15
Language as a universal medium/LUM/Hintikka: the thesis of language as a universal medium (LUM) does not include the impossibility of semantics at all. It is just not possible to articulate. For example Frege has the opinion that the meaning of quantifiers cannot be appropriatly expressed linguistically. >Circular reasoning, >Levels, >Description levels, >Semantics.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Hintikka I
Jaakko Hintikka
Merrill B. Hintikka
Investigating Wittgenstein
German Edition:
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996

Hintikka II
Jaakko Hintikka
Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989

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