|Norms, ethics, philosophy: norms define which actions are permitted, advisable or prohibited when certain circumstances are present. The philosophical discussion deals mainly with questions of its justification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Hartry Field on Norms - Dictionary of Arguments
Norm/belief/possible world/Field: Norm and belief must be distinguished by itself. If the acceptance of a norm is merely a belief of something (e.g., that action is correct according to it), then the information that is relevant for the truth value of belief (belief) must be contained in the possible world itself. - Then the norm is no longer required for the assessment of the mental state.
Norm: must be part of a possible world which is independent of belief.
Norm/non-factualism/Field: thesis: norm-sensitive utterances (which contain evaluative predicates) are only true relative to norms.
Factualism: limits that to the norms which are not objectively false.
Non-factualism/factualism: are differentiated by the fact, which statements are "simply true" (i.e. true in all norms that are not objectively wrong). - Analog: dft-operator to amplify "true" in vagueness.
Norm/ethics/disagreement/dispute/N.B: If there is no norm-sensitivity in a sentence anymore, then a contradiction between norms can no longer count as a contradiction. - ((s) between sentences).
Ethics/Field: Dispute only exists about attitudes, not about facts.
Problem: having an attitude is not sufficient, but accepting a reference system is necessary. - (Analog: having time order is not sufficient)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980
"Realism and Relativism", The Journal of Philosophy, 76 (1982), pp. 553-67
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994