Facts/truth/fact checking/politics/fake news/Morozov: The Truth Goggles project, developed by an MIT graduate and widely acclaimed in the media, is a step towards automating at least some of the steps involved in verifying the facts. (1)
If the ((s) examined) article contains one of the more than 6,000 (and growing) entries in the PolitiFact database, these facts are highlighted in yellow while the rest of the text is blurred. When you click on the marked claim, a pop-up window is displayed showing what PolitiFact thinks of this particular claim, i. e. whether it is true, half true, mostly true, mostly false, false, etc., and also provides some contextual information.
MorozovVsPolitifact/MorozovVsTruth-Goggles: This brings us back to the double-click mentality:"Truth" sneaks magically into our browsers, while the noble efforts of the truth seekers at PolitiFact and the innovators at MIT usually remain invisible and mostly unexplained. But who will observe the truth seekers and innovators?
Glenn GreenwaldVsPolitifact/Morozov: PolitiFact called it "mostly false that the American citizens are vulnerable to ...
...assassination" by their own government, after the operative definition of the Ministry of Defence of al-Qaida and the Taliban had been reformulated in a very vague way. As Greenwald noted (...); many prominent lawyers and the American Civil Liberties Union shared such views. And yet, PolitiFact chose two supposedly neutral "experts" who, if you can believe Greenwald, are anything but neutral and are simply neoconservatives in disguise. (2)
Morozov: Thus, the semi-automatic factual verification offers some solutions - it can reveal factual errors - but these solutions could be at the expense of maintaining ideological frameworks that should be challenged and perhaps even overturned.
Facts/hypocrisy/Politics/Ruth Grant/Morozov: Grant's Thesis: The blanket condemnation of hypocrisy must be seen as a political deputy, especially if what counts for an honest policy is not a principled policy, but the sincere self-interest of those realists who are in reality only cynics. (3)
Hypocrisy/Politics/David Runciman/Morozov: Runciman's thesis: Some types of political hypocrisy are even desirable and encouraging. (...) It is not the case that there is more hypocrisy today; it is just that, with a political presence of 24 hours in the media, it is much easier to find. (4)
Mendacity/Politics/Martin Jay/Morozov: Martin Jay's thesis: To tell the truth can be a weapon of the powerful while lying is a tactic of the weak. (5) A politics without lies and hypocrisy would not be politics.
Morozov: According to Jay, "Politics, however we choose to define its essence and limit its contours, will never be a completely fibre-free zone of authenticity, sincerity, integrity, transparency and righteousness. And maybe that's a good thing after all." (6)
Ambiguity/Politics/Debora Stone/Morozov: Stone's thesis: Ambivalence has many positive uses in democratic politics; it is more an art than a science.
Ambiguity enables the transformation of individual intentions and actions into collective results and purposes. Without them, cooperation and compromise would be far more difficult, if not impossible. (7)> For example, defining a policy in vague terms could help politicians to get support from many different sides. "Ambiguity facilitates negotiations and compromises because it allows opponents to claim victory from a single resolution ((s) respectively for themselves). (8)
1. see Andrew Phelps, “Are You Sure That’s True? Truth Goggles Tackles Fishy Claims at the Moment of Consumption,” Nieman Journalism Lab, July 12, 2012, http:// www.niemanlab.org/ 2012/ 07/ are-you-sure-thats-true-truth-goggles-tackles-fishy-claims-at-the-moment-of-consumption.
2. Glenn Greenwald, “PolitiFact and the Scam of Neutral Expertise,” Salon, December 5, 2011, http:// www.salon.com/ 2011/ 12/ 05/ politifact_and_the_scam_of_neutral_expertise.
3. Ruth W. Grant, Hypocrisy and Integrity: Machiavelli, Rousseau, and the Ethics of Politics (Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 1999), 180.
4. David Runciman, Political Hypocrisy: The Mask of Power, from Hobbes to Orwell and Beyond (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010.
5. Martin Jay, The Virtues of Mendacity: On Lying in Politics, reprint ed. (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012), 180.
6. ibid. ibid., 159.
7. Deborah Stone, Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Decision Making, Revised Edition, 3rd ed. (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2001).
8. ibid. 159_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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