|Semantics: Semantics is the field of linguistics, which deals with the meaning of expressions, words, parts of words, sentences or signs. Aids for ascertaining the meaning are investigations of the use and the determination of the truth value (true or false) of the statements, which can be determined from the linguistic or action-like utterances. Therefore, semantic questions are ultimately truth questions. See also truth, reference, meaning, sense, semiology, signs, symbols, syntax, pragmatics, linguistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Fodor IV 191
Churchland: Semantic identity originates from the special place in the network of semantically relevant sentences (namely from the whole language).
Translation: therefore, we can also speak of the equality of sentences over languages.
Equivalent expressions occupy the same (corresponding) places in the corresponding network of the other language.
Nevertheless, the translation should always take account of the observability.
Fodor IV 201
Fodor/LeporeVsChurchland: two different interpretations of his diagrams would also interpret neighborhoods quite differently.
Churchland himself has not decided what kind of neighborhood he has in mind._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Paul M. Churchland
Matter and Consciousness Cambridge 2013
Patricia S. Churchland
Touching a Nerve: Our Brains, Our Brains New York 2014
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992