Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Realism, philosophy: realism is a collective term for theories which, in principle, believe that it is possible for us to acquire knowledge about objects of the external world that is independent from us as perceptual subjects. A strong realism typically represents the thesis that it would make sense to even create hypotheses about basically unknowable objects. See also metaphysical realism, internal realism, universal realism, constructivism.
 
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Pauen I 99
"Scientific Realism"/Terminology/Pauen: (Scientific Realism): Churchland's and Sellar's approach:
Thesis: The ontology is determined by the entities whose existence asserts our best scientific theories (> best explanation).
The dependence of the language on the ontology will then only exist because it is irrelevant to the above mentioned argument on what our existence assumptions depend.
Churchland/Pauen: committs the sciences to a very strong conception of nature as a kind of "thing-in-itself," ultimate authority in deciding on theories.

Churla I
Paul M. Churchland
Matter and Consciousness Cambridge 2013

Churli I
Patricia S. Churchland
Touching a Nerve: Our Brains, Our Brains New York 2014

Pau I
M. Pauen
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001


> Counter arguments against Churchland
> Counter arguments in relation to Realism



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27