Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Metaphor: a metaphor is the transmission of a linguistic expression into a different context than that in which it was expected. The expectation results from the frequency of previous uses in certain contexts. Through the transmission an expression, which is actually expected at this place in the speech, is replaced. The condition for replacement is a certain similarity between the characteristics of the old and the new expression required for understanding. The improbability of the appearance of the new expression is a condition for the rhetorical effect of the metaphor.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Gärdenfors I 39
Metaphor/Invariance Principle/Lakoff/Gärdenfors: (Lakoff 1993, p. 215) Thesis: Metaphorical images obtain the cognitive topology (i. e. the image-schema structure) of the source region in a way that corresponds to the inherent structure of the target region.
I 40
Gärdenfors: what is transferred is more the pattern than the area-specific information.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Lako I
G. Lakoff
Where Mathematics Come From: How The Embodied Mind Brings Mathematics Into Being 2001

Lako II
George Lakoff
On generative semantics Bloomington 1969

Gä I
P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-20