|Skepticism: is an expression for the more or less well-formulated view that perceptual subjects cannot in principle have any security with regard to their knowledge about the external world. The doubts about the reliability of the sensory organs can be extended to doubts about the existence of an external world, if the possibility of a fundamental deception, for example by a permanent dream, is accepted. See also verification, evidence, perception, certainty, Moore's hands, solipsism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Chris Frith on Skepticism - Dictionary of Arguments
Objectivity/dream/skepticism/Frith: one can prove that someone is dreaming by recording his/her brain activity.
Dream/knowledge/Frith: E.g. Zhuangzi dreamed: "I was a butterfly who knew nothing about Zhuangzi." When he woke up, he thought he did not know if he was a man who had dreamed to be a butterfly, or a butterfly who dreamed to be a man.
Sleeping/dream/Frith: especially when you fall asleep, the brain often reenacts what we have done in the course of the day.
Control/control body/brain/Frith: there is no last control body of the brain that watches over everything, since there is no brain region that only delivers output signals but does not receive any input signals._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013