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Stephen Holmes on Populism - Dictionary of Arguments

Krastev I 22
Populism/Post-communist era/Krastev/Holmes: But focusing on the corrupt practices and strategies for evading responsibility adopted by the illiberal governments in the region will not help us understand the sources of popular support for national populist parties. The origins of populism (...) partly lie in the humiliations associated with the uphill struggle to become, at best, an inferior copy of a superior model. Discontent with the ‘transition to democracy’ was also inflamed by visiting foreign ‘evaluators’ with an anaemic grasp of local realities.
Authenticity: These experiences have combined to produce a nativist reaction in the region, a reassertion of ‘authentic’ national traditions allegedly suffocated by second-hand and ill-fitting Western forms. The post-national liberalism associated especially with EU enlargement has allowed aspiring populists to claim exclusive ownership of national traditions and national identity.
Striving for alternatives: (...) a subsidiary factor was also involved, namely, the unargued assumption that, after 1989, there were no alternatives to liberal political and economic models. This presumption spawned a contrarian desire to prove that there were, indeed, such alternatives.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

LawHolm I
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
The Common Law Mineola, NY 1991

Krastev I
Ivan Krastev
Stephen Holmes
The Light that Failed: A Reckoning London 2019

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-15
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