Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Utilitarianism: is a doctrine of ethics which takes the assumed greatest benefit for the greatest number of affected people as the moral aim. See also hedonism, good/the good, preference-utilitarianism, rule-utilitarianism, ethics, morality, deontology, consequentialism, benefit.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
V 340
Utilitarianism/truth/Decision Theory/DT/D.H.Hodgson/Lewis: Problem: Utilitarism/Hodgson: assumes no truthfulness. - Then two players will not necessarily cooperate (prisoner’s dilemma with information about the behavior of the other person). - Instead, random selection seems just as rational. - Because due to rationality the assumption arises that the other one does not have to be truthful. - Because rationality has nothing to do with truthfulness. - Important argument: I have to show (manifest) that I have reason to believe you. - LevisVsHodgson: Solution: This only apllies if one is systematically untruthful. - Then you have reason to choose the opposite. - Otherwise common sense is enough to make the manifestation superfluous.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

LW I
D. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

LW II
D. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

LW IV
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

LW V
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991


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> Counter arguments against Lewis
> Counter arguments in relation to Utilitarianism

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-25