Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Universals: universals are expressions for what objects may have in common, e.g. a certain color. Examples for universals are redness, roundness, difference, value. The ontological status of universals as something independent of thought - that is, their existence - is controversial. Nevertheless it is undisputed that we form terms for generalization and successfully use them. See also general terms, general, generalization, ontology, existence, conceptual realism, realism, ideas, participation, sortals, conceptualism, nominalism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
V 176
Universals/Searle: are harmless, it means that predicates are meaningful - no
ontological presuppositions - is a purely linguistic entity (VsStrawson) - universals are identified by meanings, not by facts - "Friendly" is primary - friendliness is derivative - Tradition: Universal: coincidence of existence and essence - Searle: Universals: are not in the world, only in the language.
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V 183
Universals/Searle: E.g. "is friendly" presupposes friendliness -> abstraction of predicate expressions - these take precedence over property names.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

S I
J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

S II
J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

S III
J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

S IV
J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

S V
J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983


> Counter arguments against Searle
> Counter arguments in relation to Universals

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-24