## Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments | |||

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Turing-Machine: is a model by A.M. Turing (A.M. Turing, “On Computable Numbers, with an application to the decision-making problem”, Proceedings, London Mathematical Society, 230-265 (1936)), which reproduces the process of character manipulation according to simple rules and thus makes it possible to investigate. A Turing machine can, in principle, calculate everything which is calculable. See also model, formal language, system, computability, decidability, holding problem, Church Turing Thesis._____________ Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. | |||

Author | Item | Summary | Meta data |
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Books on Amazon | III 15 Turing machine/Putnam: can only calculate recursive functions - new: proof of the possibility of physical analog computer that can calculate non-recursive functions - no reason why the real numbers, representing the states of nature should be "recursive". --- III 18 Behavioral interpretation: Turing-Machine does not explain performance but competence. --- IV 153 Turing machine/Putnam: there is no "sequence of states," the Turing-Machine must go through in order to be in a certain single state - or it goes through them, but it does not have to determine them - analog error of tradition: that in order to know something we would have to know certain assumptions - logically the Turing-Machine has only finitely many states - technical: infinitely many (some may be partially broken, and yet provide values) - N.B.: the error is not in the sentence "I am in state A", because the state is identical to the command to print it - analogy: pain but no fever - functional organization can be described without taking into account the technical realization. _____________ Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. |
Pu I H. Putnam Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993 Pu II H. Putnam Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999 Pu III H. Putnam Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997 Pu IV H. Putnam Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995 Pu V H. Putnam Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990 SocPut I Robert D., Putnam Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community New York 2000 |

> Counter arguments against **Putnam**

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-02-18