|Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Definition Paradigm/Kuhn: Performances with the two features: a) ongoing attractiveness for established researchers - b) openness to unresolved issues for young researchers - cannot logically be broken down into components - hallmark of a mature science - without a paradigm sciences have at best family resemblance.
Crisis/Science/Kuhn: The area does not seem to be quite what it used to be. Even former default solutions are questioned - crises end in three ways - 1) normal scientists cope with the problem - 2) the problem balks even against seemingly radically new approaches - 3) appearance of a new candidate for a paradigm and dispute over its recognition.
Paradigm/Community/Kuhn: When choosing a paradigm there is no higher standard than the approval by the respective community.
Paradigm Shift/Kuhn: Thesis: With its shift the world does not change, but the scientists do live in a new world afterwards - the data which is now collected by the scientists is inherently different.
Paradigms/Kuhn: not comparable before and after a scientific revolution. The scientist almost lives "in a different world" - E.g. Newton: pushed the question of why gravity even exists away - a question which appeared to be central in the theories of Aristotle and Descartes -> incommensurability._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen Frankfurt 1973