|Principles, philosophy of science: physical principles are not the same as laws of nature. Rather, laws can be gained from principles or traced back to principles. Examples are the principle of the shortest time, the principle of the smallest effect, the uncertainty principle. See also theories, laws of nature, laws, natural constants._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Principles/Quine: are given in the following form, ex: (1) [(x)(Fx > Gx) . (Ex)Fx] > (Ex)Gx - "Fx" could be: "x swims" or "x is a whale" (general term) - the form (1) and the like can easily be regarded as schemes that take the form of different true statements -E.g. x has mass> x is extended... - it is not necessary to assume that "has mass" etc. is the name of classes or anything else - just as "F" and "G" from (1) must not be considered to be something else than values for the classes or anything else.
Substitution principle/Quine: guarantees the existence of all classes that are equal to an ordinal number.
Principle/Quine: E.g. utilisation of all possibilities.
Necessity/Principle/Quine: the principle of minimum mutilation is what underlies the logical necessity: it can explain the type of necessity which is connected to the logical and mathematical truth. - ’((s)> Simplicity, Principle)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003