Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Predicates, philosophy, logic: predicates are symbols that can stand in logical formulas for properties. In fact, not every predicate stands for a property, since it has contradictory predicates, but no contradictory properties. For example, one can think of a predicate "squaround" for "square and round", that is, two properties that exclude each other. One can then truthfully say "Nothing is squaround". There are therefore more predicates than properties. See also round square, scheme characters, quantification, 2nd level logic, predication, attributes, adjectives.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 77
Frege/Dummett: the predicates as well as their reference objects themselves are unsaturated, i.e. they cannot occur independently. Dummett: is this reasoning correct, then grasping the meaning of a concept-word can not be an element of perception, except as an inseparable part of grasping a complete thought.
III 139ff
Names/Meaning /Logical Constants/Dummett: if every single attribute can be omitted without the name of the bearer being deprived, that does not mean that the meaning remains the same - one can generalize this for all words except the logical constants and prepositions.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Du I
M. Dummett
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992

Du III
M. Dummett
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22