Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Ostension: is the pointing to objects for the purpose of definition or description. A known problem is the indeterminacy or lack of uniqueness of the reference in pointing. For example, an object, its form, its nature, its history, its weight, etc., can be meant. See also Gavagai, pointing, to mean, indicative definition, definition, definability, statue/clay.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Quine VII 67
Ostension/Pointing/Quine: always ambiguous because of temporal vastness. - Our setting of the object does not show us yet which summation of current objects (stadiums or totality) is intended. - Problem: adding "this river" presumes the concept of river. - Problem: "This" must also refer to something else, which is the same in the different cases.
Problem: we only know that a and b belong to the constituents. - Solution: learning through induction. Problem: spatial expansion cannot be separated from temporal, because we need time when pointing. Pointing becomes superfluous in the course of science - which leads to the question of how much depends on the language.
XII 56f
Ostension/Direct/{Pointing/Quine: Problem: 1) how much of the environment counts?
2) how may an absent thing differ from the one that is shown to still fall under the stated term. Shifted ostension: E.g. pointing to the fuel gauge. -E.g. pointing to grass to explain green. - E.g. to an inscription to explain a letter. - Shifted twice: Gödel number for an expression
1) inscription of formula
2) Goedel number as a proxy for it.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-19