|Proofs: A proof in logic, mathematics is a finite string of symbols, which derives a statement in a system from the axioms of the system together with already proven statements. See also Proof theory, Provability, Syntax, Axioms._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ernst Mayr on Proofs - Dictionary of Arguments
Evidence/Mayr: it is certainly true that birds came to their feathers with the help of natural selection, but it is not to be proved! Why the acquisition was an advantage is even more difficult to prove!
>Provability, Cf. >Single-case causation, >Causation, >Causality,
>Causal explanation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
This is Biology, Cambridge/MA 1997
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998