Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Perspective: is the arrangement of objects as it arises with respect to the perception from a geometrical localization of the perceiver within an object space. In a broader sense, taking a foreign perspective also means taking the position of another person or group in the context of a discussion. See also bat example, foreign psychological.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Jaakko Hintikka on Perspective - Dictionary of Arguments

II 115
Knowing-who/seeing/visual perception/perspective identification/Hintikka:
Def Seeing/Hintikka: seeing an object: people and bodies who occupy the same gap in John's perception field can be identified by him. He also knows that different objects can be at different times in the same place.
N.B.: John does not have to know who this person is!
Knowing-who/seeing-who/Hintikka: we also need an identification based on public (object-centered) criteria.
Public/perspective/language/logical form/Hintikka: the difference between perspective and public identification is also expressed linguistically:
E.g. public: an identification is successful if it is true that:
(1) John sees who b is.
(2) John remembers who b is.
(3) John knows who b is.
II 116
On the other hand:
(4) John sees b.
(5) John remembers b.
(6) John knows b.
Hintikka/(s): the perspective can be a mere regarding, letting the eyes rest on something without knowing who or what that is.
Cross-World Identification/rigidity/HintikkaVsKripke: it is more about the way of identification (public/perspective) than about rigidity or non-rigidity.
, >Possible worlds.
The way of identification decides about what counts as one and the same individual.
II 120
Def Identification/visual perception/perspective/private/Hintikka: to identify b in the perspective sense means, to find a gap for b among the visual objects. That is, to locate b visually.
Logical form: visual identification corresponds to answering a question of where ((s) localization in the facial room).
Perspective/Hintikka/(s): perspective does not correspond strictly to the private point of view but it stands in contrast to the public point of view.
Def Identification/visual perception/public/t/Hintikka: identification is the ability to locate b on the map of abstract more-than-personal knowledge.
That is, the ability to interpret what you see.
Logical Form: a logical form is visual identification. Public: public means to answer a what-question or a who-question.
Interpretation/seeing/perception/Hintikka: the interpretation here is to attribute a meaning to our senses.
Analog: analog means to interpret abstract characters as letters (seeing-as).
((s) Stronger/weaker: to look at a printed page and noticing that it is printed is weak. Stronger: reading the printed page is stronger).
Public/identification/Hintikka: it is dangerous to interpret our methods of public identification in this way.
Perspective/private/Hintikka: the perspective identification provides an independent conceptual system.
Symmetry/asymmetry/identification/logical form/everyday language/identification/perspective/public/Hintikka:
Symmetry: in logic (logical form) there is a symmetry between the expressions for public or perspective identification.
Asymmetry/everyday language: in the normal language, this symmetry does not exist.
Reason: for public identification, we have hidden quantifiers.
Perspective: here we need a direct object construction.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Hintikka I
Jaakko Hintikka
Merrill B. Hintikka
Investigating Wittgenstein
German Edition:
Untersuchungen zu Wittgenstein Frankfurt 1996

Hintikka II
Jaakko Hintikka
Merrill B. Hintikka
The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic Dordrecht 1989

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