|Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Steven Pinker on Learning - Dictionary of Arguments
Learning/evolution/Pinker: Learning leads to the evolution of innate skills, but not to the fact that all abilities are innate - innate/(s): everything that has been brought about by evolution is innate - (otherwise Adaptionism)).
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Baldwin effect/Pinker: starts from the assumption that learning draws evolution in the direction that it looks like Lamarckian Evolution - the ability to learn will change the problem of evolution - instead of blindly searching for the needle in a haystack, it tells you when you get close.
Learning/Pinker: not associative - young migratory birds memorize the night sky including rotation.- Animals calculate calories burned when hunting in the area._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
How the Mind Works, New York 1997
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998