Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Haslam I 196
Groupthink/Tversky/Kahneman: When groupthink was introduced, the decision-making literature was largely focused on utility theory as it applied to individuals’ decisions. Janis’ emphasis on dysfunctional group dynamics Janis’ (1972(1), 1982(2)) dovetailed with new cognitive theories that explained how systematic biases in judgment could nudge people away from ‘rational’ choices (e.g., Tversky and Kahneman, 1974(3)). >Groupthink/Janis, >Groupthink/Psychological theories, >Nudging/Thaler.



1. Janis, I.L. (1972) Victims of Groupthink. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
2. Janis, I.L. (1982) Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
3. Tversky, A. and Kahneman, D. (1974) ‘Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases’, Science, 185: 1124–3.


Dominic J. Packer and Nick D. Ungson, „Group Decision-Making. Revisiting Janis’ groupthink studies“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

EconKahne I
Daniel Kahneman
Schnelles Denken, langsames Denken München 2012

Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017


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