Psychology Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontological logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Behaviorism on Ethics - Dictionary of Arguments
Slater I 30
Ethics/Behaviorism: VsWatson: From an ethical standpoint, several authors have questioned the conditioning of fears in children but perhaps more importantly the failure to remove the fears once they were conditioned. (Cf. Watson and Rayner 1920)(1); >Experiment/Watson.
Ollendick/Sherman/Muris/King:: It seems to us that ethical questions such as these are important but not readily or easily resolved. In 1920 (>Experiment/Watson), little was known about how fears and phobias were acquired and one could argue that such research was extremely important and ethically defensible – so long as long-term harm did not occur to the participant. The part that seems questionable to us is why Watson and Rayner did not plan their research so they would have the time to remove the conditioned emotional responses before Albert and his mother left the hospital. Cf. Harris (1979)(2).
1. Watson, J. B., & Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1–14.
2. Harris, B. (1979). Whatever happened to Little Albert? American Psychologist, 34, 151–160.
Thomas H. Ollendick, Thomas M. Sherman, Peter Muris, and Neville J. King, “Conditioned Emotional Reactions. Beyond Watson and Rayner’s Little Albert”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012
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