Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Personality Traits Zuckerman Corr I 327
Personality traits/Zuckerman: Zuckerman(1) linked personality traits to underlying behavioural mechanisms, which he in turn linked to the brain functions of various neurotransmitters, hormones and enzymes. One notable feature of his theorizing is that he described behavioural mechanisms (including approach, inhibition and arousal) as determined by multiple biological systems and as contributing to multiple traits. In his model, for example, approach is influenced by both dopamine and testosterone and contributes to both Sociability and Impulsive Sensation-Seeking. >Personality traits/Cloninger, CloningerVsZuckerman, ZuckermanVsCloninger.


1. Zuckerman, M. 2005. Psychobiology of personality, 2nd edn rev. and updated. New York: Cambridge University Press



Colin G. DeYoung and Jeremy R. Gray, „ Personality neuroscience: explaining individual differences in affect, behaviour and cognition“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018
Personality Traits Cloninger Corr I 327
Personality traits/Cloninger: in contrast to Zuckerman, Cloninger (1987)(1) developed a model of personality traits based on the premise that individual neurotransmitter systems might be related uniquely to specific traits. Cloninger hypothesized that the dopaminergic system was linked to a trait of Novelty-Seeking, the serotonergic system to Harm Avoidance, and the norepinephrine system to Reward Dependence. Cloninger’s latest model includes these three traits plus four others: Persistence,Self-Directedness, Cooperativeness and Self-Transcendence (Cloninger, Svrakic and Przybeck 1993)(2).
Corr I 328
He hypothesized that the original three traits and Persistence reflect dimensions of temperament, meaning that they should be evident early in ontogeny and strongly genetically determined. In contrast, he hypothesized that Self-Directedness, Cooperativeness and Self-Transcendence reflect dimensions of character, meaning that they should develop later, being determined by experience during development rather than primarily by genes. ClonigerVsZuckerman. >Personality traits/Zuckerman, >Five-Factor Model/Zuckerman, >Temperament/Cloninger.


1. Cloninger, C. R. 1987. A systematic method for clinical description and classification of personality variants, Archives of General Psychiatry 44: 573–88
2. Cloninger, C. R., Svrakic, D. M. and Przybeck, T. R. 1993. A psychobiological model of temperament and character, Archives of General Psychiatry 50: 975–90



Colin G. DeYoung and Jeremy R. Gray, „ Personality neuroscience: explaining individual differences in affect, behaviour and cognition“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018