Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Democracy Trotsky Brocker I 214
Democracy/Trotzky: far from rejecting a policy of industrialisation. But he, who had himself been an advocate and executor of terrorist measures in the self-assertion of Bolshevik Russia, now stressed that after the victory of the revolution, terror must be renounced. After ten years of justifying the Bolshevik party model against his own earlier reservations, he now took the view that a victorious party should need intra-party democracy and should allow disagreement up to oppositional currents in its ranks. For Trotsky, however, bourgeois parliamentary democracy - at least in Russia - was still little more than a dictatorship of the bourgeoisie "forced to preserve pseudo-democratic forms after the victory over the proletariat". (1) VsTrotsky: Trotsky's contemporary and later critics countered that his understanding of democracy and dictatorship was basically no different from that of Stalin. Indeed, Trotsky long understood the socialist-communist order as an educational dictatorship, which he justified above all with the worldwide resistance of the classes defeated in Russia.
TrotskyVsStalin: What always separated him from Stalin was a firm refusal to see the party's enemy in the comrade, who had a different opinion. (2)

1.Leo Trotzki, »Ergebnisse und Perspektiven. Die treibenden Kräfte der Revolution« [1906], in: ders., Die permanente Revolution. Ergebnisse und Perspektiven, Essen 2016, 15-107.
2.Ebenda S. 132.

Mario Keßler, „Leo Trotzki, Die permanente Revolution (1930)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018