Lexicon of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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The author or concept searched is found in the following 1 entries.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Phenomenalism Ryle
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I 322 ff
PhenomenalismVsSubstance, Vs "higher unity" in the object -> sense-data theory RyleVsPhenomenalism: sensation (falsely) as something to explore (Vs "sense objects")
- "indirect monitoring" - sensation not describable without reference to objects.

Ry I
G. Ryle
Der Begriff des Geistes Stuttgart 1969

The author or concept searched is found in the following 2 controversies.
Disputed term/author/ism Author Vs Author
Locke, J. Hume Vs Locke, J.
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I 97
Mind/Hume: the mind is delirious! It is demented! Closed systems, synthesis and cosmologies are only imaginarily possible.
I 98
Here, principles are not exceeded subsequently, but in principle! Ancient philosophy: would have made use of the 'substance' to secure long-term survival, HumeVsSubstance.
modern philosophy: has its own phantoms: distinguishes primary and secondary qualities, which is no less crazy! HumeVsLocke.
I 105
HumeVsLocke: Perception allows us no distinctions between primary and secondary qualities. ((s) Because perceptions are individual.)
Quine I 235
 'Nothing' and 'nobody' is an indefinite singular term whose ambiguity has caused a lot of confusion.  HumeVsLocke: supposedly, he succumbed to the same confusion ('nobody overtook me') Locke: If a process had no cause, then it would have nothing as its cause, and nothing could not be a cause.
Quine: This is 'quite humorless' (also Heidegger, PlatonVsParmenides) of indeterminate singular term 'nothing' has the unfortunate tendency to pose as determinate singular term.
Cause: parallelism to 'everyone', which already reminds of the indeterminacy by sheer manifold, this reminder is absent in 'no'.

Stegmüller IV 347
Religion/Belief/Theology/HumeVsLocke: (Hume, Treatise, 10th Sect.): The Christian religion cannot be believed by any rational person without seeing in this belief itself a miracle. (Mackie pro).
Vollmer I 20
Hume: (An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, 1748) (Vollmer: much more astute than Locke). HumeVsLocke: innate ideas. In particular, the reasoning from experience, the inferring from the past to the future, is based on a habit that cannot be equated with rational deduction.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997

W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003

Ca V
W. Stegmüller
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987

St I
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989

Vo I
G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd I Stuttgart 1988

G. Vollmer
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd II Stuttgart 1988
Substance Kant Vs Substance
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Danto I 254
Substance/Danto: ... each of these teachings is completely useless if you give up the substance itself. The idea that any underlying I-do-not-know-what holds the world together, that keeps things from flying apart into fragments. But it’s almost breathtaking to observe how little happened when you gave up the substance.
KantVsSubstance/Danto: Proposed to no longer understand the substance as an objective necessity but as an inner necessity of thinking.
NietzscheVsSubstance/Danto: Substance is only fiction.
The question of what characterizes the spirit was still absolutely not explained by the substance. A question that only then could follow, which would also exclude the function of the mind, that a mental state of affair can be physical.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03

Dt I
A. C. Danto
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998

A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005