Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
[german]

Screenshot Tabelle Begriffes

 

Find counter arguments by entering NameVs… or …VsName.

Enhanced Search:
Search term 1: Author or Term Search term 2: Author or Term


together with


The author or concept searched is found in the following 3 entries.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Darwinism Strauss Pfotenhauer IV 42
Darwinism/Strauss, Fr. D.: (D. Fr. Strauss, Der alte und neue Glaube, 1872, 2nd edition Leipzig, 1904, in particular p. 60ff) thesis: following Darwin's example, it can be shown that all events have always been a higher development, that even without a rational minded creator the world follows a continuously executed overall plan. For in blind natural phenomena and the worst of coincidences, only the more viable will prevail in the end, which for Strauss also means morally better things. ---
Pfotenhauer IV 43
NietzscheVsStrauss: In contrast, Nietzsche reminds us of "the nameless sufferings of humanity", which inadvertently scorn such "truly nefarious ways of thinking", (F: Nietzsche, David Strauss der Bekenner und Schriftsteller, 6; Nietzsche KGW III, 1, p. 188) this "shameless philistine optimism" (p. 187).

StraussDFr I
David Friedrich Strauss
Der alte und der neue Glaube Hamburg 2012


Pfot I
Helmut Pfotenhauer
Die Kunst als Physiologie. Nietzsches ästhetische Theorie und literarische Produktion. Stuttgart 1985
History Strauss Pfotenhauer IV 42
History/Strauß, Fr. D./NietzscheVsStrauss/Nietzsche: Nietzsche's anger is inflamed by the unclouded history optimism of a David Friedrich Strauss. He awakens (D. Fr. Strauss, Der alte und der neue Glaube, 1872, 2nd edition Leipzig, 1904, especially p. 60ff) the impression that he was reserved to bring the Theodice efforts of the 18th century to a successful conclusion through modern, scientifically founded optimism of progress. Thesis: following Darwin's example, it can be shown that all events have always been a higher development, that even without a rational creator the world follows a continuously executed overall plan. For in the blind natural phenomena and the worst of coincidences, only the more viable will prevail in the end, which for Strauss also means morally better things.
---
Pfotenhauer IV 43
NietzscheVsStrauss: In contrast, Nietzsche reminds us of "the nameless sufferings of humanity", which inadvertently scorn such "truly nefarious ways of thinking", (F. Nietzsche, David Strauss der Bekenner und Schriftsteller, 6; Nietzsche KGW III, 1, p. 188) this "shameless philistine optimism" (p. 187).

StraussDFr I
David Friedrich Strauss
Der alte und der neue Glaube Hamburg 2012


Pfot I
Helmut Pfotenhauer
Die Kunst als Physiologie. Nietzsches ästhetische Theorie und literarische Produktion. Stuttgart 1985
Liberalism Barber Brocker I 681
Liberalism/BarberVsLiberalism/Barber: Thesis: in American democracy reigns a "lobbyist policy" "politics of images", a "politics of mass society" instead of genuine citizen participation. (written in 1984). (1) Liberalism or the concept of representation associated with liberalism, which destroys participation, was responsible for this. (2)
Brocker I 682
Liberal Democracy/Barber: focuses on individual rights and an electoral government. Problem: liberalism misunderstood "politics as keeping predators".
Brocker I 683
The core of liberalism is an instrumental understanding of democracy. Politics is then there to protect individuals against external interference and to achieve this protection in such a way that it is compatible with the supposedly unchanging characteristics of individuals. Liberalism tends to summarize the characteristics of individuals in pessimistic descriptions.
Brocker I 684
Liberalism/Barber: the pre-conceptual framework is characterized by ideas such as "property", "territory", "borders", "sanctions", "freedom" and "power". Aspects such as human interdependence, mutual assistance, cooperation, membership, brotherhood, community and citizenship are neglected. (3) Method/Liberalism/Barber: the methodology of liberalism is a "Cartesian" one, i.e. knowledge is gained through the application of a reliable method.
BarberVsLiberalism: Politics is not the application of truth to the problem of human relationships, but the application of human relationships to the problem of truth. (4)
Brocker I 685
BarberVsLiberal Democracy: thesis: liberalism creates a type of person whose psyche is susceptible to the totalitarian temptation by throwing the human back on itself. (Haus: here parallels to Hannah Arendt's thinking are revealed.) Nevertheless: BarberVsArendt/BarberVsStrauss, Leo: these are nostalgic theories. (5)


1. Benjamin Barber, Strong Democary, Participatory Politics for a New Age, Berkeley CA, 1984, Dt. Benjamin Barber, Starke Demokratie. Über die Teilhabe am Politischen, Hamburg 1994, S. 12.
2. Ebenda S. 13.
3. Benjamin Barber Strong Democray. Participatory Politics for a New Age. Twentieth-anniversary edition, Berkeley/Los Angeles/London 2003 S. 34f.
4. Ibid. p. 64f.
5. Ibid. p. 100.
Michael Haus, „Benjamin Barber, Starke Demokratie“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolBarb I
Benjamin Barber
The Truth of Power. Intellectual Affairs in the Clinton White House New York 2001


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018