Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Self Psychological Theories Corr I 457
Self/psychological theories/Robinson/Sedikides: Self researchers (who are primarily social psychologists) often operate under the assumption that the self is multifaceted, malleable, and low in cross-situational consistency (McGuire and McGuire 1988)(1). VsSocial psychology: By contrast, trait researchers (who are primarily personality psychologists) have converged on the idea that there are a few basic dimensions of personality that are quite stable and consistent across situations (Benet-Martínez and John 1998)(2).

1. McGuire, W. J. and McGuire, C. V. 1988. Content and process in the experience of the self, in L. Berkowitz (ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. XXI, pp. 97–144. San Diego, CA: Academic Press
2. Benet-Martínez, V. and John, O. 1998. Los Cinco Grandes across cultures and ethnic groups: multitrait-multimethod analyses of the Big Five in Spanish and English, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75: 729–50

Michael D. Robinson and Constantine Sedikides, „ Traits and the self: toward an integration“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018
Social Psychology Habermas IV 212
Social Psychology/Habermas: in the tradition based on Mead, social theory is based on a concept of the lifeworld that is shortened to the aspect of the socialization of individuals. Representatives of symbolic interactionism are: H. Blumer, A.M. Rose, A. Strauss or R. H. Turner. (1) HabermasVsSocial Psychology: if, on the other hand, the concept of symbolic interaction, put at the centre by Mead himself, is worked out as a concept for speech-mediated normative interactions and thus opens up the phenomenological analyses of the lifeworld, one gains access to the complex connection of all three reproduction processes ((s) of social, symbolic and material reproduction).

1.Vgl, A.M. Rose (Ed), Human Behavior and Social Processes, Boston 1962.

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

Social Psychology Berkovitz Haslam I 217
Social Psychology/VsSocial Psychology/Sherif/Berkowitz: In the 1970s, the field of social psychology, many argued, was in a state of crisis. Many critics questioned the generalizability of social psychological findings and, ultimately, the practical relevance not only of its findings but also of the field itself. Leonard Berkowitz observed that ‘social psychology is now in a “crisis stage”…. We seem to be somewhat at a loss for important problems to investigate’ (as quoted by Smith, 1972(1): 86). Muzafer Sherif further noted ‘the skyrocketing volume of research which yields but little of substance’ (Sherif, 1977(2): 368). It was at this time that Aronson developed his Jigsaw method. >Jigsaw method/Aronson.

1. Smith, M.B. (1972) ‘Is experimental social psychology advancing?’, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 8: 86–96.
2. Sherif, M. (1977) ‘Crisis in social psychology: Some remarks towards breaking through the crisis’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3: 368–82.

John F. Dovidio, „ Promoting Positive Intergroup Relations. Revisiting Aronson et al.’s jigsaw classroom“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications

Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017