Lexicon of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute


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The author or concept searched is found in the following 2 entries.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Philosophy Heidegger
Books on Amazon
Philosophy/Heidegger/Figal: also according to the conception of being and time, it is a liberation from the bonds of transmitted concepts, but if this liberation no longer leads to the free attention to the beginning of history, but to the actual structure of existence, the history in its essence is no longer historical. The structure of existence exists as long as existence exists.
I 102
Solution: Heidegger succeeds the breakthrough in the winter term 1931/32: interpretation of the cave-parable (Politeia). Liberation from fetters, but metaphor of light (for the time), openness, permeability,"liberate." ---
I 104
Freedom/Heidegger: Being and time: existence makes free - later: light makes free. existence designs:
1. Art
2. Natural science 3. History
I 107
Art/Heidegger: neither "expression of experiences" nor pleasure. Instead, "the artist has the essential focus for the possible" to bring the hidden possibilities of beings to work. ---
Figal I 171
HeideggerVsPhilosophy: Vs Division into individual areas and thus scientificization. ---
Cardorff II 13
Philosophy/Heidegger/Cardorff: Heidegger's philosophy has no subject. It does not want to organize knowledge, make no statements, but create an event with its speech. "Passion for the useless". His philosophy propagates the domination of an admittedly dialogically unlegitimate speaking. ---
Cardorff II 36
Subject/object: HeideggerVs this traditional, space-creating differentiation. Instead: "Walten sui generis". VsDichotomies: Truth/Untruth - Theory/Practice - Freedom/Necessity - Belief/Knowledge - Divine/Human - Vs Totality-constituting categories: Being as substance, happening as consciousness, God as prima causa, will as thing in itself. (HeideggerVsSchopenhauer).
Cardorff II 46
Development in Heidegger's work: the process of condensation, the difference between existence and being becomes lesser; the human makes up less as something withstanding and holding to something and more and more as an executing and fitting in. The difference between being and exist (ontological difference) tends to be stronger than the inner action of being itself. ---
Cardorff II 60
Philosophy/Heidegger/Cardorff: 1. The thing about which it is can never be guilty of an incomprehension. It reigns as it reigns.
2. Heidegger is never to blame for an incomprehension; he is much too much into the thing.
3. The reader can want to be guilty, but ultimately is never guilty, because it is not he who blocks himself, but the one who is turning away.
4. It can always be assumed that Heidegger has been looking for uncertainty.
Cardorff II 69
Philosophy/Heidegger/Cardorff: Heidegger's texts draw the reader's attention, inter alia, as both meanings and meaning levels pass into one another. Heidegger is concerned with making it impossible to grasp the subject. ---
Cardorff II 102
Heidegger: all the evaluations of his philosophy are meaningless because they come from wrong questions.

Martin Heidegger
Sein und Zeit Berlin 2006

Hei I
Günter Figal
Martin Heidegger zur Einführung Hamburg 2016

Hei II
Peter Cardorff
Martin Heidegger Frankfurt/M. 1991
Words Gärdenfors
Books on Amazon:
Peter Gärdenfors
I 21
Words/Gärdenfors: express our terms. ---
I 115
Words/Gärdenfors: why are there any at all? If we answer from a linguistic point of view, we are immediately involved in syntactic considerations. For example, we then try to find "arguments" of verbs. Problem: already the distinction transitive/intransitive is unclear. Also the assumption that verbs are used "predicatively" comes from the philosophy and the predicate logic and is an artificial construction. (GärdenforsVsPhilosophy, GärdenforsVsLogic).
Syntax/Gärdenfors: the semantic theory in this book should be free of syntax, i.e. the semantic concepts should not depend on grammatical categories. I do not mean that syntax does not contribute to meaning, only lexical semantics should be operated independently of syntax.
I 231
Words/Gärdenfors: are not simply meaning units - they occur in classes. > Word classes.

Gä I
P. Gärdenfors
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014

The author or concept searched is found in the following 3 controversies.
Disputed term/author/ism Author Vs Author
Consciousness-Phil. Heidegger Vs Consciousness-Phil.
Books on Amazon
Habermas I 164
HeideggerVsPhilosophy of Consciousness: Vs monological approach: Vs inventory securing the object as calculating dealing with perceptible and manipulable objects. Understanding of the subjects among themselves: "To count on the other." - In contrast, Heidegger: non-strategic sense of agreement intersubjectively achieved. Heidegger ignored completely what other philosophers had had as insights on this path (pragmatism, Wittgenstein, Austin, Gadamer).

Martin Heidegger
Sein und Zeit Berlin 2006

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Phenomenalism Evans Vs Phenomenalism
Books on Amazon:
Gareth Evans
I 314
EvansVsPhilosophy of Mind: (this option): like Wittgenstein: E.g. why is it that someone is in love with one of two identical twins? Maybe he met one but not the other. I 315 However, the theorists cannot explain why no other descriptions can be the deciding factor, based on errors, or accidentally refer to the other twin. If God had seen in the mind of the person concerned, wouldn’t he have seen there with whom he was in love, or about whom he has thought.

G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989
Philosophy Feynman Vs Philosophy
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I 232
Relativity Theory/RT/FeynmanVsPhilosophy: Philosophers have often misunderstood the theory of relativity. But it is true that the phenomena depend on the reference system. Scientific camps: there is a school of philosophers who are uneasy with the fact that we cannot determine the absolute velocity without looking outside. They would say that it is useless to speak of velocity without looking outside. I 233 FeynmanVs: these philosophers will always be there, they struggle at the periphery, they never really understand the subtleties and depths of the problem. Our inability to demonstrate absolute movement is a result of the experiment and not just of pure thought. If Newton was the first to formulate the principle of relativity, why did people in his time not make so much noise about "everything is relative"? Answer: because only with Maxwell’s equations and theory of electrodynamics laws of physics existed that suggest that one could measure one’s speed without observing the outside world. Soon it was however found experimentally that it it is impossible!. Movement/FeynmanVsPhilosophy: there is a camp of philosophers who assert that movement cannot be proven at all except by observing the outside world. FeymanVs: that’s just not true! Only uniform rectilinear movement cannot be proven (if one is affected by it oneself). E.g. if we rotate in space, we experience a "centrifugal force" ((s) pseudo-force, but noticeable). E.g. the Earth’s rotation can be detected with the Foucault pendulum, without looking "outside". (Internal evidence).
I 234
Philosophy/Feynman: if the philosopher is a good one, he comes back and says, "we really do rotate relative to the stars, therefore they must cause the centrifugal force" Feynman: According to all we know that is true. But currently we cannot say whether the centrifugal force would exist, if there were no stars, we just do not know. Then the philosopher might assume he proved that there is only relative movement to the stars. FeynmanVs:... it is just equally obvious that linear movement relative to the stars is not precisely detectable.

R. Feynman
Vom Wesen physikalischer Gesetze München 1993

Fey I
R. Feynman
Vorlesungen über Physik I München 2001