Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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The author or concept searched is found in the following 4 entries.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Democracy Mill Brocker I 508
Democracy/learning/skills/personality/Mill: The process of improving human abilities (in cognitive, moral and emotional perspectives) requires individual courage and - as Mill very critically states in On Liberty - is undermined by democracy and majority decisions. Democracy has an inherent tendency towards mediocrity, which restricts freedom. SchaalVsPateman: Carole Pateman (1) shortens Mill inadmissibly by referring significantly to Mill's On Representative Government and largely ignores the connection between freedom and the holistic training of human abilities that Mill carries out in On Liberty (in reference to Wilhelm von Humboldt).


1. Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory, Cambridge 1970, S. 34f

Gary S. Schaal, “Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

Mill I
John St. Mill
A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive, London 1843
German Edition:
Von Namen, aus: A System of Logic, London 1843
In
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf Frankfurt/M. 1993

Mill II
J. St. Mill
Utilitarianism: 1st (First) Edition Oxford 1998


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Democratic Theory Pateman Brocker I 505
Democratic Theory/Pateman: PatemanVsSchumpeter/PatemanVsSartori: Thesis: The formation of positive attitudes towards democracy is not a question of cognitive competence, but of democratizing a previously undemocratic institutional structure that systematically generates undemocratic attitudes and feelings of individual incompetence: the production of capitalist goods. See Democratic Theory/Schumpeter, Democratic Theory/Sartori.
Democracy/Tradition: However, the sphere of goods production must remain undemocratic to ensure productivity and efficiency. There is therefore no alternative to the democratic status quo that would not endanger democracy itself.
Brocker I 506
PatemanVsTradition: 1 VsSchumpeter: the normative evaluation scale is incorrectly constructed: the concept of a "classical democracy theory" is a myth. (1) The sources are more heterogeneous than traditionally claimed. History of ideas/Pateman: must not be reduced to pure normativity.
Labour/Democratization: 2. PatemanVsSchumpeter: Democratic participation and productivity are not contradictory.
VsPateman: Schumpeter does not reconstruct this in the dynamic aspects of his work. Taking into account Schumpeter's analysis of the importance of leadership, creativity and innovation for capitalism
Brocker I 507
would have improved the persuasiveness of her argument.

1. Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory, Cambridge 1970, S. 17.

Gary S. Schaal, “Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolPate I
Carole Pateman
Political Culture, Political Structure and Political Change 1971


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Participation Pateman Brocker I 510
Participation/Pateman: "The existence of a democratic community therefore requires the existence of a participatory society, a society in which all political systems have been democratized and socialization through participation can take place in all areas. The most important area is industry" (1). In doing so, Pateman opposes traditional approaches of democracy theory that reduce the questions of democracy to the political. PatemanVsSchumpeter, PatemanVsSartori: see Democratic Theory/Sartori, Democratic Theory/Schumpeter.
Schaal: Pateman does not argue from a socialist perspective, but rather her demand for the extension of democratic mechanisms to non-political areas such as industrial work is based on the systematic explication of the normative ideals of liberalism.
VsPateman: her approach of "quasi-empiracy" is criticized by later authors as not convincing enough. Cf., Schonfeld, 1975, (2), Moon 1972 (3).
Brocker I 514
Pateman/Schaal: Pateman's Participation and Democratic Theory belongs to the canon of modern (english) classics of participatory democracy theory (Held 1987, 254-264 (4)) and was only replaced as a standard work of participatory democracy theory by Benjamin Barbers Strong Democracy in 1984.

1. Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory, Cambridge 1970, S. 43
2. Schonfeld, William R., »The Meaning of Democratic Participation«, in: World Politics 28/1, 1975, 134-158.
3. Moon, J. Donald, »Participation and Democracy. A Review Essay«, in: Midwest Journal of Political Science 16/3, 1972, 473-485.
4. David Held, David, Models of Democracy, Cambridge 1987.


Gary S. Schaal, “Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolPate I
Carole Pateman
Political Culture, Political Structure and Political Change 1971


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Rousseau Pateman Brocker I 507
Rousseau/Pateman: Thesis: Rousseau is a theoretician of participatory democracy theory par excellence. 1. There is a (causal) connection between the power structures in institutions and the attitudes and dispositions of the people who work or act within these institutions. (1)
2. Participation/Rousseau/Pateman: Thesis: For Rousseau (and thus for Pateman), participation has above all an educational function.
SchaalVsPateman: the conclusions Pateman draws from her reading of Rousseau are not covered by recent Rousseau research: a) Rousseau's "The Social Contract" does not run an election campaign, b) Whether Rousseau's decision-making is internal or public is controversial.


1. Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory, Cambridge 1970, p. 26
2. Ibid. p. 27

Gary S. Schaal, “Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolPate I
Carole Pateman
Political Culture, Political Structure and Political Change 1971


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018