Lexicon of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute


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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Constructivism Meixner
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I 12
Constructivism: > IntersubjectivityVsObjectivity

Mei I
U. Meixner
Einführung in die Ontologie Darmstadt 2004

Unintended Models Field
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II 264
Unintended/Non-standard model/NSM/Field: Problem: we cannot simply say that the non-standard model is unintended. ---
II 265
Non-disquotational view: here it is only meaningful to speak of "unintended", if we can state by what facts about our practice these models are unintend - and precisely because these models make each of our sentences just as true, the specification of such facts appears to be impossible. ---
II 267
Applying/Explanation/Observing/Field: our observation practice explains how our physical vocabulary applies to all that and only that to which it applies to. - That explains why some non-standard models are unintended. ---
II 319
Unintended Model/Interpretation/Putnam/Field: there is nothing in our use of the set theoretical predicates that could make an interpretation "unintended". - (VsObjectivity of mathematics). - FieldVsPutnam: but this cannot be extended to the number theory. ---
II 320
Not every objective statement is formalizable. - E.g. Consequences with the quantifier "only finitely many".

Fie I
H. Field
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989

Fie II
H. Field
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001

H. Field
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980

Values Putnam
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V 232f
Value/Values/Max Weber: distinction between facts and values - VsObjectivity of value judgments - "non-judgmental understanding." - Ideal type: Understanding of rational "instrumental" actions. - Karl-Otto Apel: these can be reconstructed as transpositions of if-then rules. - Sociology: does not have to prove that maximum demands are fulfilled, but only that it was rational for the actor, how he has fulfilled his objectives. PutnamVsWeber/VsApel: only operationalist, too instrumentalist, to understand rationality only from purposes.
I 217
Facts/values/Putnam: are not separated.

Pu I
H. Putnam
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993

H. Putnam
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999

H. Putnam
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997

H. Putnam
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995

Pu V
H. Putnam
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990