Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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The author or concept searched is found in the following 2 controversies.
Disputed term/author/ism Author Vs Author
Entry
Reference
Hidden Parameter Fraassen Vs Hidden Parameter Fraassen I 53
Hidden Variable/v. Neumann: proof that it cannot exist: every corresponding theory would have to reject the generalization of 1) although it could accept 2) BelinfanteVsNeumann: if von Neumann had chosen his axioms differently, he could have come to the conclusion that 1) can be shown for all quantum states, but not for the postulated underlying micro-states, and therefore that there might be hidden variables after all in the end. (pragmatic superiority).
Important argument: because this pragmatic superiority can occur between different formulations of the same theory, it is not a reflection on what the theory itself says about what is observable.

Fr I
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980
Neumann, J. von Quine Vs Neumann, J. von IX 227
Neumann/Set Theory/Quine: took (1925) extreme classes to extend Zermelo's system. QuineVsNeumann: halted before the full force of the axiom scheme
"^ uFu ε θ" or (3) (Chapter 42) unfolded. His system provides "^uFu ε θ" when the bound variables in the formula "Fu" are restricted to all sets, otherwise it does not apply in general.
---
IX 228
If the sets should be exactly Zermelo's classes, they could be specified by relativizing Zermelo's comprehension axioms to "Uθ". In particular, every abstraction term from the Zermelo's separation scheme
"X n a ε θ"
x ε Uθ> x n a ε Uθ, which we would use for "a", would be relativized to "Uθ" additionally. (That is, the "universal class of sets" or "there are only quantities").
Equivalent to this: Since such a relativization is guaranteed that a = z for a certain z we could just take the single axiom (1) x ε Uθ> x n z ε Uθ.

Quine I
W.V.O. Quine
Word and Object, Cambridge/MA 1960
German Edition:
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Quine II
W.V.O. Quine
Theories and Things, Cambridge/MA 1986
German Edition:
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Quine III
W.V.O. Quine
Methods of Logic, 4th edition Cambridge/MA 1982
German Edition:
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Quine V
W.V.O. Quine
The Roots of Reference, La Salle/Illinois 1974
German Edition:
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Quine VI
W.V.O. Quine
Pursuit of Truth, Cambridge/MA 1992
German Edition:
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Quine VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Quine VII (a)
W. V. A. Quine
On what there is
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (b)
W. V. A. Quine
Two dogmas of empiricism
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (c)
W. V. A. Quine
The problem of meaning in linguistics
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (d)
W. V. A. Quine
Identity, ostension and hypostasis
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (e)
W. V. A. Quine
New foundations for mathematical logic
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (f)
W. V. A. Quine
Logic and the reification of universals
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (g)
W. V. A. Quine
Notes on the theory of reference
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (h)
W. V. A. Quine
Reference and modality
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (i)
W. V. A. Quine
Meaning and existential inference
In
From a Logical Point of View, Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Designation and Existence, in: The Journal of Philosophy 36 (1939)
German Edition:
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg) München 1982

Quine IX
W.V.O. Quine
Set Theory and its Logic, Cambridge/MA 1963
German Edition:
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Quine X
W.V.O. Quine
The Philosophy of Logic, Cambridge/MA 1970, 1986
German Edition:
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Quine XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontological Relativity and Other Essays, New York 1969
German Edition:
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003

Quine XIII
Willard Van Orman Quine
Quiddities Cambridge/London 1987