Find counter arguments by entering NameVs… or …VsName.

Disputed term/author/ism | Author Vs Author |
Entry |
Reference |
---|---|---|---|

Modalities | Fraassen Vs Modalities | I 178
Probability Theory: Theorem: if any of a class of mutually exclusive events has a probability >0, then there is only a countable number of them.
Problem: then modality comes into play: the probabilities are about what would be the case if...Virtual Ensemble/Fraassen: of measurements: so we can the class of events in which Pmw(E) is a proportion. This is a polite way to put it. (FraassenVsModalities). That would be a class of things that do not exist, of possible events. ((s)> empty class, empty set). Problem: we then have the general problem of giving an empirical interpretation. I 183
ReichenbachVsModality/Fraassen: his approach of strict frequency is precisely an avoidance of modality.
Infinite/Fraassen: let’s assume instead the pure case of the actual very long series. (To avoid modality): But how are we to interpret probability then?Reichenbach: we should only focus on the actual results (of a long series). I 187
rH /Probability/Venn: Venn already suggested equating them in the 19th century.
PeirceVsVenn: although probability statements are about frequencies, they involve modality, a "would be". |
Fr I B. van Fraassen The Scientific Image Oxford 1980 |