Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Lenin Trotsky Brocker I 41
Lenin/Party Politics/Organization/TrotskyVsLenin/Trotsky: Trotsky had already accused Lenin in his report on the second party conference of wanting to replace the weak Russian working class by the party, and therefore accused him of blanquism and Jacobinism. Above all, Lenin's 1904 paper "One Step Forward, Two Steps Back", in which Lenin defended the Central Committee's absolute control over the party, provoked the fierce criticism of Trotsky as well as of Rosa Luxemburg. Trotsky: (in: L. Trotski, "Unsere politischen Aufgaben", 1904, p. 54) (1): according to Lenin's logic, first "the party should replace the class, then the organization should replace the party, thereafter the Central Committee, the organization and finally the dictator the CC".


1.L.Trotzki, Trotzki, Leo [Trockij, Lev], Naši političeskija zadači, Genf 1904.


Jutta Scherrer, "Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin, Was tun?, (1902)" in: Brocker, Manfred (Hg.), Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Lenin Luxemburg Brocker I 41
Organisation/Politics/LuxemburgVsLenin/Luxembourg: In her article "Organisationsfragen der russischen Sozialdemokratie" published in Iskra in 1904 and reprinted by the Neue Zeit - the organ of German social democracy - Rosa Luxemburg accused Lenin of "ruthless" and "military ultra-centralism". "The blind subordination of all
Brocker I 42
party organisations [...] under a central power that thinks, creates and decides for everyone alone" and "the separation of the organized core of the party from the revolutionary milieu surrounding it" equated Luxembourg with the methods of the blanquist conspiracy circles. The activity of the party organization and the growth of proletarian consciousness cannot be separated (Luxembourg 1983, 429). (1)
Brocker I 43
Rosa Luxemburg, incidentally, continued her early criticism of Lenin's conception of the new type of party, which had to destroy any effective control of the masses over the leadership organs and thus any real democracy in the party and in society, in her critical assessment of the October Revolution. The despotic forms of exercising power and the liquidation of all democratic freedoms led them to the later famous phrase: "Freedom only for the followers of the government, only for members of one party [...] is not freedom. Freedom is always only freedom of the differently thinking" (Luxembourg 1948, 53) (2).


1.Rosa Luxemburg, »Organisationsfragen der russischen Sozialdemokratie«, in: dies., Gesammelte Werke 1893 bis 1905, Bd 1, Halbbd 2, Berlin 1983, 422-444.
2.Rosa Luxemburg, Die russische Revolution. Eine kritische Würdigung, Hamburg 1948.


Jutta Scherrer, Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin, Was tun?, (1902) in Brocker, Manfred, Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.

PolLux I
Rosa Luxemburg
Die russische Revolution. Eine kritische Würdigung Hamburg 1948


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Organisation Plekhanov Brocker I 42
Organisation/Politics/PlekhanovVsLenin/Plekhanov: Plekhanov criticises Lenin's overvaluation of the "spontaneous workers movement". Lenin's views on the organisation had made the proletariat a passive moment in the hands of the intelligentsia. (1)
1. Plechanow, Georgi Walentinowitsch [Plechanov, Georgij Valentinovič], »Die Arbeiterklasse und die sozialdemokratische Intelligencija«, in: Iskra 70-71, 1904.


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Revolution Lenin Brocker I 38
Revolution/Lenin: in his opinion, the revolution can only be brought about by such revolutionaries whose revolutionary work has become their profession and whose only occupation is conspiratorial political activity.
Brocker I 39
"Give us an organization of revolutionaries and we will lift Russia off its hinges!" (1) Such a not very extensive organization of professional revolutionaries makes no distinction between workers and intellectuals, nor between professions. However, Lenin makes a substantial distinction between the organization of the revolutionary social democratic party - the professional revolutionaries - and the organizations of the workers. A unified all-Russian organization of revolutionaries is also to take over the leadership of the trade union federations of workers throughout Russia. 1.VsLenin: Lenin is criticized for wanting - in contrast to German social democracy - a centralized figting organization in which no electoral offices are planned.
LeninVsVs: fighting organization. A revolutionary organization, as Lenin fends off alleged critics here, cannot carry out comprehensive democratism.
2.VsLenin: he sees power only in the hands of a few.
LeninVsVs: this does not mean, however, that the professional revolutionaries will "think for everyone". (2)


1. Lenin, W. I., »Die dringendsten Aufgaben unserer Bewegung«, in: ders., Ausgewählte Werke in sechs Bänden, Bd. 1, Berlin 1986 (a) S. 469.
2. Ebenda S. 467.


Jutta Scherrer, Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin, Was tun?, (1902) in: Brocker, Manfred, Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.

Lenin I
Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin
Die dringendsten Aufgaben unserer Bewegung Berlin 1986


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Utopia Lenin Brocker I 32
Utopia/PutinVsLenin/Lenin: Lenin's ideas are as far removed from the reality of today's Russia as never before. President Vladimir Putin distanced himself - exactly one year before the centenary of Lenin's revolution in 1917 - from its state-destroying character, which would have destroyed the cohesion of the historic Russian empire.
Brocker I 33
Political Parties/Lenin: At the centre of What is to be done? is the creation of a disciplined organization of a revolutionary party under the conditions of the autocratic Russia. (1) See also Political Parties/Lenin).

1. N. Lenin, Čto delat’?, Stuttgart 1902. Dt.: Wladimir I. Lenin, Was tun? Brennende Fragen unserer Bewegung, in: ders., Ausgewählte Werke in sechs Bänden, Bd. 1, Berlin 1986, 333-541 (zuerst: Wien 1932).


Jutta Scherrer, Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin, Was tun?, (1902) in: Brocker, Manfred, Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.

Lenin I
Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin
Die dringendsten Aufgaben unserer Bewegung Berlin 1986


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018