Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Humanism Vico Gadamer I 25
Humanism/Vico/Gadamer: G. Vico's text De nostri temporis studiorum ratione(1) is a defence of humanism, mediated by Jesuit pedagogy, and is directed as much against Jansenism as it is against Descartes. (VicoVsDescartes, VicoVsJansenism). This pedagogical manifesto of Vico, like his draft of a "new science", is based on old truths. He therefore refers to the >sensus communis, the communal sense, and to the humanistic ideal of eloquentia, moments that were already present in the ancient concept of the wise man. "Speaking well" (eu legein) has always been an ambiguous formula in itself and by no means a mere rhetorical ideal. It also means saying the right thing, that is, the true thing, not just the art of speaking, the art of saying something well.
Rhetoric/Vico/Gadamer: It is well known that in ancient times this ideal was proclaimed by the teachers of philosophy as much as by those of rhetoric. Rhetoric has always been at odds with philosophy and claimed to convey the true wisdom of life to the idle speculations of the "sophists. Vico, who was himself a teacher of rhetoric, is thus part of a humanistic tradition that dates back to antiquity.
Humanities/Vico/Gadamer: Obviously this tradition is also important for the self-conception of the humanities, and in particular the positive ambiguity of
rhetorical ideal, which is not only under the verdict of Plato, but also under the verdict of the anti-rhetorical methodologism of modern times. >Sensus communis/Vico.

1 .J. B. Vico, De nostri temporis studiorum ratione, mit Übertragung v. W. F. Otto. 1947.

Vico I
Giambattista Vico
Prinzipien einer neuen Wissenschaft über die gemeinsame Natur der Völker Hamburg 2009


Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977
Jansenism Gadamer I 24
Jansenism/Truth/GadamerVsJansenism/Gadamer: It is (...) a triviality that comes out of it when it is said, for example, that you have to judge an event in its truth, take into account the circumstances (circonstances)(1) that accompany it - The Jansenists wanted to give methodical guidance with this argumentation as to the extent to which miracles have credibility. They sought to summon up the spirit of the new method in the face of an uncontrolled belief in miracles and believed that in this way they could legitimize the true miracles of biblical tradition and church tradition. The new science in the service of the old church - that this relationship did not promise to last is only too clear, and one can imagine what had to happen when the Christian preconditions themselves were questioned. The methodological ideal of natural science, when applied to the credibility of the historical testimonies of the biblical tradition, had to lead to quite different results, which were catastrophic for Christianity.
Spinoza/Gadamer: The path from the miracle criticism in the style of the Jansenists to the historical Bible criticism is not too far. Spinoza is a good example of this.
GadamerVsSpinoza: We will show later on that a consistent application of this methodology as the only norm of spiritual-scientific truth would be tantamount to its self-absorption. >VicoVsJansenism.


1. Vgl. Logique de Port-Royal, 4e partie, chap. 13ff.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

Miracles Jansenism Gadamer I 24
Miracles/Jansenism/Truth/GadamerVsJansenism/Gadamer: It is (...) a triviality that comes out of it when it is said, for example, that you have to judge an event in its truth, take into account the circumstances (circonstances)(1) that accompany it - The Jansenists wanted to give methodical guidance with this argumentation as to the extent to which miracles have credibility. They sought to summon up the spirit of the new method in the face of an uncontrolled belief in miracles and believed that in this way they could legitimize the true miracles of biblical tradition and church tradition. The new science in the service of the old church - that this relationship did not promise to last is only too clear, and one can imagine what had to happen when the Christian preconditions themselves were questioned. The methodological ideal of natural science, when applied to the credibility of the historical testimonies of the biblical tradition, had to lead to quite different results, which were catastrophic for Christianity.
Spinoza/Gadamer: The path from the miracle criticism in the style of the Jansenists to the historical Bible criticism is not too far. Spinoza is a good example of this.
GadamerVsSpinoza: We will show later on that a consistent application of this methodology as the only norm of spiritual-scientific truth would be tantamount to its self-absorption. >VicoVsJansenism.


1. Vgl. Logique de Port-Royal, 4e partie, chap. 13ff.


Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977