Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Human Capital Becker Mause I 510f
Human Capital/Becker: The homogeneity of the factor labor is dissolved into a new inhomogeneity (Becker 1992, 1993a, b.) (1)(2). Demanders for human capital, as well as demanders for other forms of capital and for the production factors work and land, are companies, the state and other employers. The core of human capital theory is the view that human capital increases the productivity of an actor and that increased productivity results in higher income for the actor and growth of the economy as a whole. Question: how is the amount of human capital and its overall economic impact determined?
Solution: Comparison of costs and benefits of education expenditure.
Narrow view: Investments in human capital are only those actions that will increase productivity in the future.
Individual: an individual's human capital stock is the stock of productive skills and abilities that result in a flow of income.
VsHuman Capital/VsBecker: the concept of human capital was criticized as inhuman after its introduction. In Germany, it was named "Un-word of the Year" in 2004. (3)
Nowadays this rejection is overcome.
>Capabilities, >Humans, >Knowledge, >Information, >Individuals.

1. Gary S. Becker, Menschliches Dasein aus ökonomischer Sicht. Nobel-Lesung vom 9. Dezember 1992. In Die Nobelpreisträger der ökonomischen Wissenschaft, Hrsg. Karl-Dieter Grüske, Bd. III, 206– 236. Düsseldorf 1992
2. Gary. S. Becker 1993Human capital. A theoretical and empirical analysis with special references to education, 3.ed. Chicago: NBER.
3. Jury Unwort des Jahres. 2004. Generelle Stellungnahme zum Unwort des Jahres „Humankapital“. http:// www. unwortdesjahres. net/ index. php? id = 18.


Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018


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