Lexicon of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
[german]


 

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The author or concept searched is found in the following 2 entries.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Seeing Pinker
 
Books on Amazon
I 42
Seeing/machine/Pinker: "ill-posed problem": inverse optics: to compose an object of pixels - analog: ambiguous factorization. ---
I 178
Seeing/Pinker: field of vision with thousands of processors, for color, others for shape - layer above it: processors that only mark the points that differ from their neighbors - separation of the layers, because it is impossible to distribute detectors for connections to all places (because too many types of connection) - hence, the connections are combinational - Thesis: the combinations are created deliberately. - in memory wrong combination of colors and shapes. ---
I 269
Definition seeing/David Marr: solution of badly posed problems by adding assumptions - creates a description that is useful, and not overloaded with irrelevant information. (Description in mentalese) - illusions/Pinker: make assumptions visible with which the selection has endowed us - Representation/Pinker: not in the form of retinal images but in form of objects and spatial relations. ---
I 293
Marr: Solution: Probability: not all possible combinations occur in the world as frequent as others - the visual line ends in the environment mostly on a surface, which is not much further away than the neighboring surface - some units only turn on when they receive the same input from both eyes. ---
I 298
Seeing/gene/Pinker: genes, cannot foresee the final removal of ocular points, therefore, seeing is not learned, but first needs to be developed. ---
I 303
For three-dimensional seeing you do not need two eyes. ---
I 317
Seeing/shape/color/Pinker: Professionals for tasks: form, color, lighting (angle, reflections, shading) - assumptions: regularity before irregularity, homogeneity, few gray areas. ---
I 324
Seeing/PinkerVsGombrich: contrarily to the widely held view we do not see what we expect to see. ---
I 326
Seeing/Marr: "two-and-half-dimensional sketch": spatial depth is cut back half a dimension - because it does not define the medium in which the information is held. ---
I 327
Seeing/frame of reference/Pinker: for the use of information it is not important, that it is reformed, but that it is collected correctly - which requires a frame of reference or coordinate system - this must be carried along- therefore copies of the images must be made. ---
I 334
Seeing/Pinker: objects have the ability to get frames of references themselves - an adult knows the names of 10,000 obejects, most of them he recognizes by shape - memory/Marr: makes use of the reference frame of the retina - not oriented towards object itself, otherwise save each perspective individually. ---
I 366
Form/shape/Seeing/Biederman: Theory of Geons: Geon: cube, bow, handles, cuboid, pyramid, buckets, etc. - MarrVs/PinkerVs - Geons make lollis out of all - face recognition is impossible. ---
I 342
Seeing/Pinker: new: perhaps only 40 aspects of objects stored, instead of as previously believed 40,000 - crucial: up/down. Africa lying on its side is not recognized - VsGeons: we can turn objects in our mind.

Pi I
St. Pinker
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998

Seeing Gombrich
 
Books on Amazon
Seel III 111
Sehen/Gombrich: These: wir sehen nur was wir wissen - Didi-HubermanVsGombrich: Aberglaube - wenn ja, könnten wir Malerei als Kunstform vergessen. - Auch SeelVsGombrich.


Se I
M. Seel
Die Kunst der Entzweiung Frankfurt 1997

Se II
M. Seel
Ästhetik des Erscheinens München 2000

Se III
M. Seel
Vom Handwerk der Philosophie München 2001

The author or concept searched is found in the following controversies.
Disputed term/author/ism Author Vs Author
Entry
Reference
Various Authors Pinker Vs Various Authors
 
Books on Amazon
I 26
Robots Basic Laws/Asimov: 1) A robot may never hurt a human being,  2) it must obey the orders of humans, unless the orders conflict with the first law 3) It must protect its own existence, unless this conflicted with the 1st or 2nd law.
I 27
PinkerVsAsimov: he was not able to position himself outside his own thought processes. The ability of humans to do evil is not considered, and their support is not excluded by the laws.
I 458
Brain/Emotion/Tradition: "Triune brain": Unity of the cerebrum as evolutionary palimpsest of three layers: 1) Bottom: base ganglia (reptiles), seat of the primitive and selfish emotions
2) Limbic system: softer, more social emotions (parent feelings etc.)
3) The two are surrounded by the modern mammalian brain, the neocortex, which grew rapidly during evolution and is home to the intelligence.

PinkerVsTrinity Theory (with Paul MacLean): the evolutionary forces do not simply accumulate layers. Although our bodies are witnesses of the past, they only possess few parts that have not been modified. Even the appendix is now conceded a function in connection with the immune system. Not even the circuits for emotions remain unaffected. (i.e. ​​also: VsDennett?).
I 459
Emotions are easy to reprogram! E.g. after less than 1,000 years of breeding dogs include Pitt Bulls and Saint Bernards.  Furthermore, the cortex is not riding piggyback on the prehistoric limbic system. The systems work hand in hand. The amygdala dyes our experiences with feelings. It liaises with virtually every other part of the brain.

I 62
Def SSM/"Sociological Standard Model": separation between culture and biology. Thesis: biological evolution was replaced by cultural evolution. (E.O.Wilson, later became victim of angry protests). LewontinVsWilson.
I 63
Incorrect quotes of the opponents: E.g. Dawkins: "Genes created us, body and mind." (correct).
VsDawkins: wrong quote: "genes control us, body and mind."
- -
I 324
Seeing/PinkerVsGombrich, Ernst H.: contrary to popular belief, we do not see what we expect to see.
I 342
Seeing/Marr: completely ignores the backs, and even the surfaces. He analyzed the form of animals as if they had been made of pipe cleaners. Seeing/BiedermanVsMarr: assigns to every e.g. animal multiple geone combinations for different views.
PinkerVsBiederman/PinkerVsGeones: it is precisely this concession that opens the possibility that forms are recognized in a completely different way. Why should we not think the idea through and assign many memory elements to every form, one for each position? Such memories do not need an exotic object-centered frame of reference, but can use the coordinates of the two-and-a-half dimensional sketch as long as there are so many memories that all perspectives are covered.
Pinker: that was dismissed for many years from the outset. It took perhaps 40,000 aspects for each subject (memory elements). But this does not cover the positions outside the center of the field of vision yet!
 In recent times, it was considered, however, that for each object at most 40 aspects are sufficient when interpolating between views.
I 343
Direction/Up/Down/Seeing/Pinker: People adjust themselves to the top down direction: if Africa lies on its side, it is not recognized, a square is not a diamond. This brings a further dilution of the geone theory: relations such as "over" or "above" must come from the retina, and not from the object.
 This limitation is likely to be indispensable, because often there is no way to define the "up" in an object before you recognized it!
 We can also turn objects in our mind (VsGeones). This makes a frame of reference of geones oriented to the object even less necessary.

Pi I
St. Pinker
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998

The author or concept searched is found in the following theses of an allied field of specialization.
Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Art Didi-Huberman, G.
 
Books on Amazon
Seel III 109
Didi-Huberman: (Art History): thesis, the guild had forgotten what it was to stand in front of a picture. The "dark immediacy" is missing from a science which is solely eager to make their themes and meanings visible. It is subject to a "tyranny of the visible".
III 110
  Thesis: presentation of an image must be distinguished from its representation. The picture makes itself become a venue of heterogeneous energies that have been received in its origin.
III 111
Didi-HubermanVsGombrich: "we only see what we know" is a superstition. If that were true, we could forget painting as an art form. (SeelVsGombrich ditto).

Se I
M. Seel
Die Kunst der Entzweiung Frankfurt 1997

Se II
M. Seel
Ästhetik des Erscheinens München 2000

Se III
M. Seel
Vom Handwerk der Philosophie München 2001