|Humans||Fletcher||Singer I 73
Human/Joseph Fletcher/Bioethics/P. Singer: Fletcher has compiled a list of "indicators for being human": among other things, it contains self-confidence (self-awareness), self-control, a sense for the future, a sense for the past, the ability to relate with others, concern for others, communication and curiosity. (J. Fletcher, Indicators of Humanhood, A Tentative Profile of Man, The Hastings Center Report, vol 2, no. 5 (1972)). ---
P. SingerVsFletcher, J.: not all features of the list can be ascribed to small children or disadvantaged persons. The various concepts of humanity overlap. The original ethical problem is therefore shifted in the language use. Human/Terminology/P. Singer: I use for humans "member of the species Homo Sapiens" in the sense of Fletcher - otherwise I use the expression "person".
Joseph F. Fletcher
Humanhood: Essays in Biomedical Ethics Amherst 1979
Practical Ethics (Third Edition) Cambridge 2011
The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven 2015