Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Entry
Reference
Government Budget Downs Mause I 280
Government Budget/Downs: Downs came to the surprising conclusion in 1960 (1) that the state budgets of Western democracies tend to be too small. Reason: 1. a rational ignorance of the voters, 2. the logic of political competition.
Political Parties/Downs: Thesis: political parties would only offer spending programs desired by voters. Because of their rational ignorance, voters only accept taxation for expenditure whose benefits are immediately apparent to them. With full information, voters would demand higher spending. See also Political Parties/Downs.
VsDowns: the thesis that state budgets are too small is rarely supported these days.


1. Anthony Downs. 1960. Why the government budget is too small in a democracy. World Politics 12 (4): 541– 563.

EconDowns I
Anthony Downs
An economic theory of democracy New York 1957


Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018
Rational Choice Tullock Mause I 66
Rational Choice/Democratic Theory/Tullock/Buchanan/TullockVsDowns/BuchanananVsDowns: The second decisive impulse for the theorization of Rational Choice came from the work of Tullock, in particular from the Calculus of Consent (Buchanan and Tullock 1962 (1)), published in 1962, which discusses democratic-theoretical and justice-theoretical considerations at a mathematically-formalized level that is far superior to that of Downs and which already anticipates certain considerations.

1. Buchanan, James M., und Gordon Tullock, The calculus of consent. Ann Arbor 1962.

EconTull I
Gordon Tullock
Arthur Seldon
Gordon L. Brady,
Government failure: A primer in public choice Washington 2002


Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018