Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Entry
Reference
Concepts Deleuze Sokal I 177
Terms/Theory/Deleuze/Guattari/Bricmont/Sokal: (G. Deleuze, F. Guattari, Qu' est-ce que la philosophie?, Paris 1991 - German: Was ist Philosophie, Frankfurt/M. 1996: page numbers here from the German edition): in the work, the two use a plethora of scientific terms that have been taken out of context, without any perceptible logic. Deleuze and Guattari are certainly free to use these terms in a different way: science does not have a monopoly on the use of words such as "chaos","limit value/limit" or "energy".
>Chaos, >Limits, >Energy,
Sokal I 178
SokalVsDeleuze/SokalVsGuattari: in our opinion, the two authors have a comprehensive but superficial education, which they present in their writings.
For the correct use of the concepts of physics and mathematics see >Sokal/Bricmont and >Feynman.


1. G. Deleuze, F. Guattari, Qu' est-ce que la philosophie?, Paris 1991 - German: Was ist Philosophie, Frankfurt/M. 1996: page numbers here stem from the German edition.

Deleuze I
Gilles Deleuze
Felix Guattari
Qu’est-ce que la philosophie, Paris 1991
German Edition:
Was ist Philosophie? Frankfurt/M. 2000

Hum I
G. Deleuze
David Hume , Frankfurt 1997


Sokal I
Alan Sokal
Jean Bricmont
Fashionabel Nonsense. Postmodern Intellectuals Abuse of Science, New York 1998
German Edition:
Eleganter Unsinn. Wie die Denker der Postmoderne die Wissenschaften missbrauchen München 1999

Sokal II
Alan Sokal
Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals’ Abuse of Science New York 1999
Interest Spivak Brocker I 716
Interest/Desire/Subject/Politics/Emancipation/SpivakVsFoucault/SpivakVsDeleuze/Spivak: Foucault and Deleuze (1) equate the interest and desire of the subject with what is wrong according to Spivak (2): Both ignore the question of subject production, in which desire and interest can neither be described symmetrically nor mutually reinforced. (3) The reason for this can be found in Marx, in a distinction between two types of representation (see Representation/Marx): the political representative of the small farmers is a representative of the middle classes who is not really interested in the fate of the farmers.(4)
>Representation/Spivak.

1. Michel Foucault, „Intellectuals and Power. A Conversation between Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze”, in: Donald F. Bouchard (ed.) Language, Counter-Memory, Practice, Selected Essays and Interviews by Michel Foucault, Ithaca, N.Y. 1977, p. 207f
2. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Cary Nelson/Lawrence Grossberg (Ed.) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, Urbana Ill./Chicago 1988 271-313. Dt.: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Can the subaltern speak? Postkolonialität und subalterne Artikulation, Wien 2008, S. 275-278.
3. Vgl. Morris 2010, 3f.
4. Vgl. Karl Marx, Der achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis Bonaparte, Frankfurt/M. 2007 (zuerst 1852)

Nikita Dhawan, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolSpiv I
Gayatri Ch. Spivak
Subaltern Studies. Deconstructing Historiography New York/Oxford 1988


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Politics Spivak Brocker I 716
Politics/SpivakVsFoucault/SpivakVsDeleuze/Spivak: According to Spivak, the micropolitics favored by Foucault and Deleuze, which focuses on local forms of resistance, can only be determined by ignoring macropolitical lines of conflict. The two theorists neglected the (Marxist) ideology theory, leading to a view in which the dominated are constructed as classical-humanist subjects who are aware of their social situation. ((s) According to Spivak, they are only limited. See Subject/Spivak, Emancipation/Spivak, History/Spivak).
Nikita Dhawan, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolSpiv I
Gayatri Ch. Spivak
Subaltern Studies. Deconstructing Historiography New York/Oxford 1988


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Representation Spivak Brocker I 716
Representation/Political Representation/Marx/Spivak: in reference to Marx' The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (1852), Spivak distinguishes between two forms of representation: According to Marx, the French parcel farmers do not represent a coherent class,(1) >Representation/Marx.
Spivak: now distinguishes between "representation" as "speaking from" and "representation" as "speaking for".(2)
SpivakVsDeleuze/SpivakVsFoucault: for these two authors, the two forms coincide. Thus the aesthetic portrait, which symbolically represents the disempowered as a coherent political subject, becomes a transparent expression of their political desires and interests.
Problem: Deleuze and Foucault presuppose a coherence between interest and desire.
>Interest/Spivak.

1. Vgl. Karl Marx, Der achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis Bonaparte, Frankfurt/M. 2007 (zuerst 1852)
2. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Cary Nelson/Lawrence Grossberg (Ed.) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, Urbana Ill./Chicago 1988 271-313. Dt.: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Can the subaltern speak? Postkolonialität und subalterne Artikulation, Wien 2008, S. 275-278.

Nikita Dhawan, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolSpiv I
Gayatri Ch. Spivak
Subaltern Studies. Deconstructing Historiography New York/Oxford 1988


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Science Deleuze Sokal I 192
Annotation Science/Deleuze/Guattari/Bricmont/Sokal/SokalVsDeleuze/SokalVsGuattari: Other sources: Rosenberg and others deal with the pseudo-science of Deleuze and Guattari (M. R. Rosenberg, Dynamic and thermodynamic tropers of the subject in Freud and in Deleuze and Guattari. Postmodern Culture 4, no. 1.1993) and Canning (P. Canning, „The crack of time and the ideal game“ in: Constantin V. Boundas and Dorothea Olkowski (Ed.) Gilles Deleuze and the Theater of Philosophy, New York 194 pp. 73-98.) and the conference at Warwick University in 1997: "Deleuze/Guattari and Matter".

Cf. for the correct use of some concepts: >Chaos, >Function, >Motion.
For the correct use of the concepts of physics and mathematics see >Sokal/Bricmont and >Feynman, >Thorne.

Deleuze I
Gilles Deleuze
Felix Guattari
Qu’est-ce que la philosophie, Paris 1991
German Edition:
Was ist Philosophie? Frankfurt/M. 2000

Hum I
G. Deleuze
David Hume , Frankfurt 1997


Sokal I
Alan Sokal
Jean Bricmont
Fashionabel Nonsense. Postmodern Intellectuals Abuse of Science, New York 1998
German Edition:
Eleganter Unsinn. Wie die Denker der Postmoderne die Wissenschaften missbrauchen München 1999

Sokal II
Alan Sokal
Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals’ Abuse of Science New York 1999
Subjects Spivak Brocker I 715
Subject/SpivakVsDeleuze/SpivakVsFoucault/Spivak: Spivak criticises Foucault and Deleuze's positions as unintentional Eurocentrism(1): here one sees a complicity between Western knowledge formation and international economic interests.(2) >M. Foucault, >G. Deleuze.
Subject/Foucault/Deleuze/Spivak: Although French philosophers reject the idea of a sovereign subject, since it is unable to do justice to the heterogeneity of networks of power, desire and interest, they argue that the oppressed themselves have knowledge and can speak for themselves.
SpivakVs: they construct an undivided political subject while ignoring the discontinuity between desire and interest. According to Spivak, both authors also neglect the ideological construction of subjects on both sides of the colonial divide.
>Colonialism, >Postcolonialism.

1. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Cary Nelson/Lawrence Grossberg (Ed.) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, Urbana Ill./Chicago 1988 271-313. Dt.: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Can the subaltern speak? Postkolonialität und subalterne Artikulation, Wien 2008, S. 271, 274
2. Vgl. Michel Foucault, „Intellectuals and Power. A Conversation between Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze”, in: Donald F. Bouchard (ed.) Language, Counter-Memory, Practice, Selected Essays and Interviews by Michel Foucault, Ithaca, N.Y. 1977, p. 205-217.

Nikita Dhawan, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak “Can the subaltern speak?” in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

PolSpiv I
Gayatri Ch. Spivak
Subaltern Studies. Deconstructing Historiography New York/Oxford 1988


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Variables Deleuze Sokal I 183
Variables/Deleuze/Guattari/Bricmont/Sokal: (G. Deleuze, F. Guattari,1991(1): "The respective independence of the variables appears in mathematics if they have a higher potency than the first one. Hegel therefore shows that the variability in the function is not limited to values that can be changed (2/3 and 4/6) or left undetermined (a = 2b), but requires that one of the variables assumes a higher potency (y²/x = P). (Deleuze/Guattari 1991/1996(1), p. 141.)
SokalVsDeleuze/SokalVsGuattari/SokalVsHegel: this sentence repeats a confusion by Hegel who saw fractions like y²/x as something fundamentally different than fractions like a/b.(2)(3)


1. G. Deleuze, F. Guattari, Qu' est-ce que la philosophie?, Paris 1991 - German: Was ist Philosophie, Frankfurt/M. 1996: page numbers here stem from the German edition.
2. J. Desanti, La Philosophie silencieuse, ou critique des philosophies de la science, Paris 1975. p. 43.
3. G. W. F. Hegel Wissenschaft der Logik. In. Sämtliche Werke vol. 4, 4th edition Stuttgart 1964, p. 354ff.

Deleuze I
Gilles Deleuze
Felix Guattari
Qu’est-ce que la philosophie, Paris 1991
German Edition:
Was ist Philosophie? Frankfurt/M. 2000

Hum I
G. Deleuze
David Hume , Frankfurt 1997


Sokal I
Alan Sokal
Jean Bricmont
Fashionabel Nonsense. Postmodern Intellectuals Abuse of Science, New York 1998
German Edition:
Eleganter Unsinn. Wie die Denker der Postmoderne die Wissenschaften missbrauchen München 1999

Sokal II
Alan Sokal
Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals’ Abuse of Science New York 1999


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