Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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The author or concept searched is found in the following 2 controversies.
Disputed term/author/ism Author Vs Author
Consequentialism Nagel Vs Consequentialism III 71
Def Consequentialism: (the view that it is about what should happen objectively, not what we do). DeontologyVsConsequentialism: is often challenged with two particular types of reasons which each seem to have the relative form, and whose existence apparently is independent of neutral values:
1) Reasons of autonomy: desires, obligations, personal relationships.
2) Claims of others not to be mistreated. (Not neutral, though, but derived from the relative claim of every individual, not to be mistreated themselves).

Def Deontology/Nagel: restricts what we are allowed to do in the service of both neutral and autonomous values. (Nagel pro).
Problem: deontology can be explained with relative reasons, but it is precisely that which allows doubts about the existence of these reasons.

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979

Nagel I
Th. Nagel
The Last Word, New York/Oxford 1997
German Edition:
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

Nagel II
Thomas Nagel
What Does It All Mean? Oxford 1987
German Edition:
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

Nagel III
Thomas Nagel
The Limits of Objectivity. The Tanner Lecture on Human Values, in: The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1980 Vol. I (ed) St. M. McMurrin, Salt Lake City 1980
German Edition:
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

NagelEr I
Ernest Nagel
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982
Deontology Mackie Vs Deontology Stegmüller IV 227
Deontology/Stegmüller: does not lead to objectivism! DeontologyVsconsequentialism: Moral imperatives may not be of the form: "Act so that you will achieve a specific outcome" ((s) without regard to the means).
MackieVsDeontology: no morality can do without consequentialist considerations.
IV 228
Morality/Mackie/Stegmüller: gives up the nowadays customary separation between the morally good and the non-morally good. "moral fairness".
IV 230
When it comes to the introduction of principles that curtail the negative consequences of the limits of human sympathy, then these principles should be eligible to be endorsed by any position. Even if no agreement on the content of ideals can be achieved, what should be achievable is an agreement on the method of the settlement of differences.
IV 266
Rights/Mackie: difference. 1. viewed from the outside: securing spaces of freedom.
2. viewed from the inside: results in a diversity of objectives, choice.
MackieVsTeleology/MackieVsDeontology: both unsatisfactory.
Morality/ethics/Mackie: Thesis: primacy of rights over duties and objectives.
IV 267
Ethics/life/Mackie: there is no "fix life plan". There is a right to a flexible behavior of choice. Rights/Mackie: cannot be absolute, since they may conflict with each other. Rights prima facie need not be identical to those that evolve over time.

Macki I
J. L. Mackie
Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong 1977

Carnap V
W. Stegmüller
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, München 1987

St I
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989