|Death||Condorcet||Habermas III 214
Death/Condorcet/Habermas: Condorcet (1795) expects the hygienic and medical overcoming of misery and illness; he believes that "a time must come when death will only be the result of extraordinary circumstances". (1) Habermas: in other words: Condorcet believes in eternal life before death. This concept is representative of the historical philosophical thinking of the 18th century. However, it is precisely the radicalism that makes the fractures of historical philosophical thought come to the fore.
HabermasVsCondorcet: For its linear concept of progress, Condorcet must presuppose that 1. the history of physics and the sciences oriented on its model can be reconstructed as a continuous path of development;
Habermas III 215
2. that all problems to which religious and philosophical teachings have so far provided answers can either be translated into problems that can be scientifically worked on or seen through as apparent problems. 3. Condorcet presupposes the idea of a universal reason, which he himself cannot overlook as a child of the 18th century.
VsCondorcet: This idea is first questioned by the Historical School and later by cultural anthropology.
1.Condorcet, Entwurf einer historischen Darstellung der Fortschritte des menschlichen Geistes, (Ed.) W. Alff, Frankfurt, 1963, p. 383.
N. de Condorcet
Tableau historique des progrès de l’ esprit humain Paris 2004
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981