|Feminism||Beauvoir||Brocker I 307
Feminism/Beauvoir: For Beauvoir - as in the French language - human/homme and man/homme are identical, she equates being human in the existentialist sense with masculinity, more precisely: it is the men who have so far been able to realize the essence of humanity. Women, on the other hand, experience a contradiction between their humanity and their "femininity". In order to become truly human, women must conquer the various privileges of men, which undoubtedly changes the relationship between the sexes, but not the idea of being human. See also Feminism/Young.
KusterVsBeauvoir: Being human. Already in the first chapter of her book (1) it crystallizes, what is going to pervade the whole
Brocker I 308
work: the devaluation of the reproductive potency of women as a limitation of their possibility of individualization and as enslavement to the genus (2). Lundgren-GothlinVsBeauvoir: Beauvoir also repeats the habitual devaluation gesture of patriarchal culture in her description of female physicality, sexuality, lived motherhood and the traditional female caring activities (3).
KusterVsBeauvoir: an intellectual hostility to the body that mainly affects the female body. Moreover, Beauvoir's ethical premises reproduce the opposites of body and mind, nature and culture anchored in the Western tradition, of immanent mere life and transcendent good life, and thus gender-hierarchical dualisms, to which gender-segregated spheres of life have always corresponded to.
1. Simone de Beauvoir, Le deuxième sexe, Paris 1949. Dt.: Simone de Beauvoir, Das andere Geschlecht. Sitte und Sexus der Frau, Reinbek 2005 (zuerst 1951).
2. Ebenda S. 49f
3. Eva Lundgren-Gothlin, »The master-slave dialectic in ›The Second Sex‹«, in: Elizabeth Fallaize (Hg.), Simone de Beauvoir. A Critical Reader, London/New York 1998, 93-108.
Friederike Kuster, „Simone de Beauvoir, Das andere Geschlecht (1949)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018