Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Ethics Chisholm II 277
Ethics: criterion must not presuppose the accuracy of further purposes - therefore question of the ultimate purpose.
II 279
Ultimate Purpose/Moore/Brentano: "The best you can do" (sum of good) - requires immediate evidence - we must first know how to recognize good.
II 276
Ethics/Chisholm: intuitive approach - Vs: obscure absolute values - Object of value predicates is always a fact.
II 286
Intrinsic Value: is only established if reflection of all good and bad is known in all possible worlds. KollerVsChisholm: it is wrong to look for the criteria only in the purposes.
II 295
Pareto Principle/Strong/Ethics/Koller: the condition where at least one individual is better off and none is worse off is always preferable - Vs: this is controversial and not evident.
II 297
VsAltruism: in a shortage of means mutual benevolence is limited - therefore usually no matching assessment of situations.

Koller, Peter. Von der Vergeblichkeit des Bemühens, die Ethik auf eine Vorstellung intrinsischer Werte zu gründen. In: M.David/L. Stubenberg (Hg) Philosophische Aufsätze zu Ehren von R.M. Chisholm Graz 1986

Chisholm I
R. Chisholm
The First Person. Theory of Reference and Intentionality, Minneapolis 1981
German Edition:
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Chisholm II
Roderick Chisholm

Philosophische Aufsäze zu Ehren von Roderick M. Ch, Marian David/Leopold Stubenberg Amsterdam 1986

Chisholm III
Roderick M. Chisholm
Theory of knowledge, Englewood Cliffs 1989
German Edition:
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004